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Hydrogeological characterization of Dasht-e-Arjan Lake (Zagros Mountains, Iran): clarifying a long-time question

  • Zargham MohammadiEmail author
  • Habib Mahdavikia
  • Ezzat Raeisi
  • Derek C. Ford
Original Article
  • 46 Downloads

Abstract

Dasht-e-Arjan Lake is located in the southern Zagros mountain ranges of Iran. It is a tectonic karst polje, fed by a single spring plus local surface runoff, and drained by a single ponor. The fate of sinking water from the ponor had not been determined before this study. Previous investigations suggested two alternatives: (1) underground flow ~ 24 km southwest to Parishan Lake and/or springs in the Kazeron area, and (2) underground flow ~ 20 km southeast to springs at Domeasb Gorge. To clarify this question, an integrated hydrogeological study including a dye tracer test was undertaken. Comparison of the discharge into the Arjan ponor and the discharge of the Domeasb springs shows a reliable correlation. Further, annual water balance analysis reveals that the discharge at the Domeasb springs is too great for its topographic catchment, requiring a major additional source. The dye tracer test, using 5 kg of uranine, was detected only at the Domeasb springs. Flow through time after the dye injection was 210 h. The tracer breakthrough curves are very simple and sharp, with a clear peak concentration of 7 ppb. The total tracer mass recovery and groundwater flow velocity were estimated to be 58% and 105 m h−1, respectively. The results indicate a simple and direct limestone karst hydraulic connection along the geologic strike between Dasht-e-Arjan Lake and the Domeasb springs. The results clearly suggest the possibility of designing a dam around the ponor to protect drying up the lake during drought periods.

Keywords

Polje Dye tracer test Karst Dasht-e-Arjan Lake Iran 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Research Affairs of Shiraz University for support in field studies and laboratory measurements. We would like to thank an anonymous reviewer for his/her relevant comments on this article.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of SciencesShiraz UniversityShirazIran
  2. 2.Department of GeographyMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

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