Site characterization through combined analysis of seismic and electrical resistivity data at a site of Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India

  • Ravindra K. Gupta
  • Mohit AgrawalEmail author
  • Sanjit Kumar Pal
  • Rajwardhan Kumar
  • Saurabh Srivastava
Original Article


We present the seismic site characterization study using joint modelling of Horizontal-to-Vertical Spectral-Ratio (HVSR) and Rayleigh wave-phase velocity-dispersion curves obtained from Multi-channel Simulation with One Receiver (MSOR) in a part of Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India. The joint analysis of these two different but complementary datasets puts stronger constraints on the model parameter search space than one dataset and may help us in finding more unique shear-wave velocity model. The microtremor data from 12 observation points were utilized to iteratively search 1D shear-wave velocity profiles in a predefined model search space. These 1D shear-wave velocity models were interpolated to generate a 2D shear-wave velocity profile of the site using the cubic spline method. Our results show that the high peak amplitude value of HVSR is associated with low peak-period values of HVSR at a distance of ~ 60 m from the southern end of the profile; which may indicate the presence of the Basin Edge Effect. We identified four layers based on significant changes in the shear wave velocities to a depth of ~ 60 m. The major impedance contrasts are located at average depths of ~ 13 m, ~ 40 m and ~ 55 m, respectively. These layers from the surface may indicate the presence of soil, highly weathered rock mass, moderately weathered rock and bedrock, respectively. The depth of engineering solid bedrock (Vs > 600 m/s) is found at the depth of 55 m in the south which gradually decreases to a depth of 40 m in the northern end of the profile. The shear-wave velocity (Vs 30) for this area varies between 293 and 357 m/s; which can be classified as “D-type site”. For validation and comparison of our results, the Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) data were also recorded along the same traverse using Wenner and Schlumberger configurations. Our results show a significant amount of correlation between the 2D shear-wave velocity and resistivity profiles obtained from joint analysis of tremor and ERT data.


Site characterization HVSR MSOR Shear-wave velocity Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) 



We thank Dr. Silvia Castellaro for the use of her GRILLA software, which formed the basis of our joint analysis of HVSR and dispersion curves obtained from MSOR techniques. We are also indebted to Editor-in-chief Olaf Kolditz and two anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments which helped in improving the quality of this manuscript. The support of Central Public Works Department of Dhanbad is also highly appreciated for providing the SPT borehole data of the survey area. This research was supported by Faculty Research Scheme grant (Project No. FRS (103)/2016–2017/AGP) from the Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines), Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India. Authors are also thankful to DST (SERB), Govt. of India for funding a project (SB/S4/ES-640/2012) on “Geotechnical characterization of Jharia coal field area using Geophysical techniques”.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines)DhanbadIndia

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