Adsorption behaviors of Eu(III) on granite: batch, electron probe micro-analysis and modeling studies

  • Hong Li
  • Bihong He
  • Ping Li
  • Qiaohui FanEmail author
  • Hanyu Wu
  • Jianjun Liang
  • Chunli Liu
  • Tao YuEmail author
Original Article


Although granite has been widely considered as the host rock of the high-level radioactive waste (HLRW) repository in the world, the adsorption behaviors of radionuclides on granite are quite complicated and still unclear, especially at molecular scales. In this study, the adsorption behaviors of europium(III) on Beishan granite (BSG), a preliminary selection of host rock for the HLRW repository in China, were explored under environmental conditions combining batch, electron probe micro-analyzer (EPMA), and modeling approaches. X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern confirmed that albite, quartz and biotite were the main mineralogical components for the BSG grains. Eu(III) species on BSG grains are predominant as the ion exchange (≡X3Eu0) and the inner sphere complexes of ≡SwOEu(OH)20, ≡SsOEu(OH)2,0 ≡SsOEu2+, and ≡SwOEu2+. EPMA showed that the distribution of Eu(III) on BSG grains was strongly correlated to the biotite, which suggested that biotite is the host phase for retarding trivalent actinides in the BSG grains. The presence of soil humic and fulvic acids could enhance Eu(III) adsorption on BSG grains under low-pH conditions, and inhibit the adsorption under higher pH range.


Granite Eu(III) Adsorption/desorption Modeling EPMA 



This study was supported by the Natural National Science Foundation of China (Grant nos. 21601179, 41573128, 21876172, and 21601169), the Key Laboratory Project of Gansu Province (Grant no. 1309RTSA041), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangxi Province (Grant no. 2016BAB203100) and by the “100-Talent” Program from the Chinese Academy of Sciences.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jiangxi Key Laboratory for Mass Spectrometry and InstrumentationEast China University of TechnologyNanchangChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resources, Gansu Province, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and ResourcesChinese Academy of SciencesLanzhouChina
  3. 3.Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, Radiochemistry and Radiation Chemistry Key Laboratory for Fundamental Science, College of Chemistry and Molecular EngineeringPeking UniversityBeijingChina

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