Residence time patterns of Mirim Lagoon (Brazil) derived from two-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations

  • Douglas Vieira da SilvaEmail author
  • Phelype Haron Oleinik
  • Juliana Costi
  • Eduardo de Paula Kirinus
  • Wiliam Correa Marques
Original Article


Mirim Lagoon (ML) is a large choked lagoon connected to the Patos Lagoon estuary and eventually to Mangueira Lake. Together, these water bodies form the most extensive lagoon system in South America. ML is a transboundary basin shared by Brazil and Uruguay that serves as a water reservoir, providing freshwater for public supply and agricultural activities. This work evaluated the transport patterns and residence time of ML using numerical simulations forced by time series of the tributaries’ discharge and by reanalysis of atmospheric data. The results indicate a mean residence time of 180 days, and spatial and temporal variations of up to 100 days were presented. The discharge conditions and the wind regime are the causes of such high variability on the distribution of the residence time at Mirim Lagoon. This high variability indicates that specific periods are more susceptible to be impacted by exogenous contaminants.


Residence time Coastal lake Hydrodynamic Circulation 



The authors are grateful to the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), under contract 304227/2016-1. The authors are also grateful to the Fundação de Amparo à do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (FAPERGS) for sponsoring this research under the contracts 17/2551-001159-7 and to the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for bursaries related to the Programa Nacional de Pós Doutorado. The authors would like to thank the Programa de Apoio à Publicação da Produção Acadêmica/PROPESP/FURG/2018. Further acknowledgments go to the Brazilian Navy for providing detailed bathymetric data for the coastal area; the Brazilian National Water Agency, NOAA and HYCOM, for supplying the boundary condition data sets; and the Open Telemac–Mascaret Consortium for free distribution of the TELEMAC system, making viable this research. Finally, a special thanks is extended to the Supercomputing Center of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (CESUP-UFRGS) and the Sdumont Supercomputer from the Laboratório Nacional de Computação Científica (LNCC) (SDUMONT-2017-C01#166515), where most of the computational work was carried out. Although some data were taken from governmental databases, this paper is not necessarily representative of the views of the government.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas Vieira da Silva
    • 1
    Email author
  • Phelype Haron Oleinik
    • 2
  • Juliana Costi
    • 3
  • Eduardo de Paula Kirinus
    • 2
  • Wiliam Correa Marques
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de OceanografiaUniversidade Federal do Rio GrandeRio GrandeBrazil
  2. 2.Escola de EngenhariaUniversidade Federal do Rio GrandeRio GrandeBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto de Matemática, Estatística e FísicaUniversidade Federal do Rio GrandeRio GrandeBrazil

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