Integrated remote sensing–GIS analysis of urban wetland potential for crop farming: a case study of Nekemte district, western Ethiopia

  • Muleta Ebissa FeyissaEmail author
  • Jiannong Cao
  • Habtamu Tolera
Original Article


Seasonal wetland crop farming plays a vital role in the lives of peoples of western Ethiopia. This study was aimed at the identification of potential wetlands suitable for crop farming in Nekemte district, western Ethiopia using GIS and remote sensing technology. Integrated remote sensing and GIS tools were used to generate and analyze the required wetland crop farming parameters. The parameters as existing land use/cover, terrain, soil, accessibility and available rivers parameters were extracted from satellite images, GPS surveys, Google map, DEM, FAO soil database, topographic sheets and the district’s master plan. All the data layers were classified, standardized, weighted and combined using weighted overlay technique in the GIS environment. The result obtained showed that 199.8 ha of the wetlands were identified as highly suitable and 103.2 ha were investigated as marginally suitable. In view of assisting the decision makers, planners, investors and practitioners, a map of potential wetland for crop farming was produced.


GIS and remote sensing Wetlands Crop farming 



We are thankful to Wollega University for providing all the necessary support and facilities during data collection. We are also thankful to the Natural Science Foundation of China (project no. 41571346) and the Open Fund for Key Laboratory of Degraded and Unused Land Consolidation Engineering, Ministry of Natural Resource of People's Republic of China (project no. SXDJ2017-10,2016KCT-23) for providing the necessary facilities and platform in the desk analysis of the data. We would like to show our sincere gratitude to Mr. Bikila Bote, Head of Nekemte soil Laboratory center, Oromia Regonal State Agricultural Research Institute, in facilitating soil data analysis. Lots of thanks to Nekemte Agricultural Bureau experts in providing Nekemte wetland farming data required for the study. We would also like to thank Dr. Shayaq Ali (hydrologist in the department of Earth Sciences, Wollega University) for his valuable inputs during soil data collection and analysis.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muleta Ebissa Feyissa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jiannong Cao
    • 1
  • Habtamu Tolera
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geomatics, School of Geological Engineering and GeomaticsChang’an UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Department of Geography and Environmental StudiesWollega UniversityNekemteEthiopia

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