Advertisement

Relationships between the petrographic, physical and mechanical characteristics of sedimentary rocks in Jurassic weakly cemented strata

  • Zhenkang Wang
  • Wenping LiEmail author
  • Qiqing Wang
  • Shiliang Liu
  • Yanbo Hu
  • Kaifang Fan
Original Article
  • 125 Downloads

Abstract

Physical and petrographic properties of sedimentary rocks have great influence on their mechanical behavior. Numerous laboratory tests were conducted on intact sandstones and mudstones obtained from Jurassic weakly cemented coal-bearing strata. Several physical and mechanical parameters, particularly the rock material constant mi and the brittleness coefficient BRITT, were determined. The microfabric of these sedimentary rocks was also analyzed to quantify their mineral compositions and to determine quantitative relationships among mineral compositions, physical and mechanical parameters using the regression analysis. Overall, both bulk density (ρ) and P-wave velocity (Vp) exhibit positive power relationships with uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) and Young’s modulus (E), respectively. The UCS of sandstones increases with increasing quartz content and decreasing feldspar content, and the brittleness of mudstones increases with the increase of quartz and feldspar contents. In addition, the rock material constant mi presents a logarithmic correlation with the ratio of feldspar-to-quartz content for sandstones and a polynomial correlation with the ratio of clay minerals to the quartz and feldspar contents for mudstones.

Keywords

Petrographic characteristic Physical property Mechanical property Sedimentary rock Jurassic weakly cemented strata 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the research staff of the School of Energy Science and Engineering at the Henan Polytechnic University for their assistance during this investigation. This work is jointly supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 2017XKZD07), the National Program on Key Basic Research Project (Grant No. 2015CB251601).

References

  1. Al-Shayea NA (2004) Effects of testing methods and conditions on the elastic properties of limestone rock. Eng Geol 74(1–2):139–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bell FG (1978) The physical and mechanical properties of the Fell sandstones. Northumberl Engl Eng Geol 12(78):1–29Google Scholar
  3. Bell FG, Lindsay P (1999) The petrographic and geomechanical properties of some sandstones from the Newspaper Member of the Natal Group near Durban, South Africa. Eng Geol 53(1):57–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Birch F (1960) The velocity of compressional waves in rocks to 10 kilobars: 1. J Geophys Res 65(4):1083–1102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cantisani E, Garzonio CA, Ricci M, Vettori S (2013) Relationships between the petrographical, physical and mechanical properties of some Italian sandstones. Int J Rock Mech Min 60(2):321–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dinçer İ, Acar A, Çobanoğlu I, Uras Y (2004) Correlation between Schmidt hardness, uniaxial compressive strength and Young’s modulus for andesites, basalts and tuffs. Bull Eng Geol Environ 63(2):141–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dinçer İ, Acar A, Ural S (2008) Estimation of strength and deformation properties of Quaternary caliche deposits. Bull Eng Geol Environ 67(3):353–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Douma LANR, Primarini MIW, Houben ME, Barnhoorn A (2017) The validity of generic trends on multiple scales in rock-physical and rock-mechanical properties of the Whitby Mudstone, United Kingdom. Mar Petrol Geol 84:135–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gupta V, Sharma R (2012) Relationship between textural, petrophysical and mechanical properties of quartzites: a case study from northwestern Himalaya. Eng Geol 135–136(7):1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. He Y (2016) Research on ultrasonic velocity properties and damage development of sandstone under uniaxial compression. Chin J Undergr Sp Eng 12(1):44–48 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  11. Hoek E, Kaiser P, Bawden W (1995) Support of underground excavations in hard rock. AA Balkema, RotterdamGoogle Scholar
  12. Hutchinson CS (1974) Laboratory handbook of petrographic techniques. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  13. İnce İ, Fener M (2016) A prediction model for uniaxial compressive strength of deteriorated pyroclastic rocks due to freeze-thaw cycle. J Afr Earth Sci 120:134–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. International Society for Rock Mechanics (1981) Rock Characterization, Testing and Monitoring-ISRM Suggested Methods. Pergamon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  15. Jeng FS, Weng MC, Lin ML, Huang TH (2004) Influence of petrographic parameters on geotechnical properties of tertiary sandstones from Taiwan. Eng Geol 73(1–2):71–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Khandelwal M (2013) Correlating P-wave velocity with the physico-mechanical properties of different rocks. Pure Appl Geophys 170(4):507–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Khandelwal M, Ranjith PG (2010) Correlating index properties of rocks with P-wave measurements. J Appl Geophys 71(1):1–5CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Khandelwal M, Singh TN (2009) Correlating static properties of coal measures rocks with P-wave velocity. Int J Coal Geol 79(1–2):55–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lashkaripour RG, Nakhaei M (2001) A statistical investigation on mudrocks characteristics. Rock mechanics: a challenge for society, ISRM Regional Symposium EUROCK 2001Google Scholar
  20. Li H, Yang C, Liu Y, Chen F, Ma H (2014) Experimental study of ultrasonic velocity and acoustic emission properties of salt rock under uniaxial compression load. Chin J Rock Mech Eng 33(10):2107–2116 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  21. Madhubabu N, Singh PK, Kainthola A, Mahanta B, Tripathy A, Singh TN (2016) Prediction of compressive strength and elastic modulus of carbonate rocks. Measurement 88:202–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Marinos P, Hoek E (2000) GSI: a geologically friendly tool for rock mass strength estimation. In ISRM international symposium. International Society for Rock MechanicsGoogle Scholar
  23. Marinos P, Hoek E (2001) Estimating the geotechnical properties of heterogeneous rock masses such as flysch. Bull Eng Geol Environ 60(2):85–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Meng ZP, Pan JN (2007) Correlation between petrographic characteristics and failure duration in clastic rocks. Eng Geol 89(3–4):258–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mishra DA, Basu A (2013) Estimation of uniaxial compressive strength of rock materials by index tests using regression analysis and fuzzy inference system. Eng Geol 160:54–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Moradian ZA, Behnia M (2009) Predicting the uniaxial compressive strength and static Young’s modulus of intact sedimentary rocks using the ultrasonic test. Int J Geomech 9(1):14–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mosch S, Siegesmund S (2007) Petrophysical and technical properties of dimensional stones: a statistical approach. Z Dtsch Geol Ges 158(4):821–868Google Scholar
  28. Mousavi E, Cheshomi A, Ashtari M (2018) Estimating elasticity modulus and uniaxial compressive strength of sandstone using indentation test. J Pet Sci Eng 169:157–166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Najibi AR, Ghafoori M, Lashkaripour GR, Asef MR (2015) Empirical relations between strength and static and dynamic elastic properties of Asmari and Sarvak limestones, two main oil reservoirs in Iran. J Pet Sci Eng 126:78–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ocak I (2008) Estimating the modulus of elasticity of the rock material from compressive strength and unit weight. J S Afr Inst Min Metall 108(108):621–626Google Scholar
  31. Rahmouni A, Boulanouar A, Boukalouch M, Géraud Y, Samaouali A, Harnafi M, Sebbani J (2013) Prediction of porosity and density of calcarenite rocks from P-wave velocity measurements. Int J Geosci 4(9):1292–1299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Rickman R, Mullen M, Petre E, Grieser B, Kundert D (2008) A practical use of shale petrophysics for stimulation design optimization: All shale plays are not clones of the Barnett Shale. In SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition. Society of Petroleum EngineersGoogle Scholar
  33. Sabatakakis N, Koukis G, Tsiambaos G, Papanakli S (2008) Index properties and strength variation controlled by microstructure for sedimentary rocks. Eng Geol 97(1):80–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sayed NAE, Abuseda H, Kassab MA (2015) Acoustic wave velocity behavior for some Jurassic carbonate samples, north Sinai, Egypt. J Afr Earth Sci 111:14–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Shakoor A, Bonelli RE (1991) Relationship between petrographic characteristics, engineering index properties, and mechanical properties of selected sandstones. Bull Assoc Eng Geol 28(1):55–71Google Scholar
  36. Shalabi FI, Cording EJ, Al-Hattamleh OH (2007) Estimation of rock engineering properties using hardness tests. Eng Geol 90(3):138–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sharma PK, Singh TN (2008) A correlation between P-wave velocity, impact strength index, slake durability index and uniaxial compressive strength. Bull Eng Geol Environ 67(1):17–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Siegesmund S, Snethlage R (2014) Stone in architecture: properties, durability. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Stück H, Koch R, Siegesmund S (2013) Petrographical and petrophysical properties of sandstones: statistical analysis as an approach to predict material behaviour and construction suitability. Environ Earth Sci 69(4):1299–1332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Tamrakar NK, Yokota S, Shrestha SD (2007) Relationships among mechanical, physical and petrographic properties of Siwalik sandstones, Central Nepal Sub-Himalayas. Eng Geol 90(3–4):105–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Tandon RS, Gupta V (2013) The control of mineral constituents and textural characteristics on the petrophysical and mechanical (PM) properties of different rocks of the Himalaya. Eng Geol 153:125–143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Tuǧrul A (2004) The effect of weathering on pore geometry and compressive strength of selected rock types from Turkey. Eng Geol 75(3–4):215–227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Tuğrul A, Zarif H (1999) Correlation of mineralogical and textural characteristics with engineering properties of selected granitic rocks from Turkey. Eng Geol 51(4):303–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Ulusay R, Türeli K, Ider MH (1994) Prediction of engineering properties of a selected litharenite sandstone from its petrographic characteristics using correlation and multivariate statistical techniques. Eng Geol 38(1–2):135–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Xia HQ, Yang SD, Gong HH, Wang CL (2013) Research on rock brittleness experiment and logging prediction of hydraulic fracture height and width. J Southwest Petrol Univ 35(4):81–89 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  46. Yagiz S (2011) P-wave velocity test for assessment of geotechnical properties of some rock materials. Bull Mater Sci 34(4):947–953CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Yasar E, Erdogan Y (2004) Correlating sound velocity with the density, compressive strength and Young’s modulus of carbonate rocks. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 41(5):871–875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Yesiloglu-Gultekin N, Gokceoglu C, Sezer EA (2013) Prediction of uniaxial compressive strength of granitic rocks by various nonlinear tools and comparison of their performances. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 62:113–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Zhao JZ, Ren L, Hu YQ (2013) Controlling factors of hydraulic fractures extending into network in shale formations. J Southwest Petrol Univ 35(1):1–9 (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  50. Zorlu K, Ulusay R, Ocakoglu F, Gokceoglu C, Sonmez H (2004) Predicting intact rock properties of selected sandstones using petrographic thin-section data. Int J Rock Mech Min 41(41):93–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zorlu K, Gokceoglu C, Ocakoglu F, Nefeslioglu HA, Acikalin S (2008) Prediction of uniaxial compressive strength of sandstones using petrography-based models. Eng Geol 96(3):141–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhenkang Wang
    • 1
  • Wenping Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Qiqing Wang
    • 1
  • Shiliang Liu
    • 1
  • Yanbo Hu
    • 1
  • Kaifang Fan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Resources and GeosciencesChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina

Personalised recommendations