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Environmental Earth Sciences

, 78:112 | Cite as

Mechanical earth modeling and fault reactivation analysis for CO2-enhanced oil recovery in Gachsaran oil field, south-west of Iran

  • Mohammadkazem Amiri
  • Gholam Reza LashkaripourEmail author
  • Siavash Ghabezloo
  • Naser Hafezi Moghaddas
  • Mojtaba Heidari Tajareh
Original Article
  • 20 Downloads

Abstract

There is a huge potential for CO2-EOR and CO2 storage in depleted carbonate reservoirs in the south-west of Iran. In the first step of a CO2-EOR operation, a geomechanical assessment is needed to find out geological conditions, mechanical and strength properties of formation rocks (e.g., reservoir rock and caprock), in situ stress magnitudes and orientation and in situ pore pressure profile. An integrated analysis is performed in this work for geomechanical assessment of a reservoir–caprock system in Gachsaran oil field, south-west of Iran. A one-dimensional mechanical earth model (MEM) is built for 47 wells in the studied field based on drilling and logging data, laboratory and in situ tests. Static elastic and strength parameters of various formation rocks (limestone, dolomite, anhydrite, gray marl and salt) are evaluated from laboratory experiments. Empirical correlations are obtained to convert dynamic rock properties and well-log data to static elastic properties and strength parameters. The initial in situ pore pressure is calculated using modified Eaton method. In situ stresses state is evaluated based on the poroelastic method and calibrated using LOT and XLOT tests. The orientation of in situ stresses is obtained based on image logs. Fractures and faults analysis is performed to determine their orientations. An analytical analysis is performed to estimate the maximum sustainable CO2 injection pressure to prevent fault reactivation. This study presents a comprehensive method to reservoir and caprock characterization using laboratory and well-log data and 1D mechanical earth model. It helps the analysis of the geomechanical problems during CO2-EOR and provides the necessary information to build 3D geomechanical model for numerical simulations.

Keywords

CO2-EOR Static elastic and strength parameters 1D mechanical earth model Fractures and faults analysis Pore pressure–stress coupling Fault reactivation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by Ferdowsi University of Mashhad under Grant No. 3/37602 (12/03/1394) and Iran National Science Foundation under Grant No. 94810699. The authors wish to thank National Iranian South Oil Company (NISOC) for providing field data and permission to use it in this work.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammadkazem Amiri
    • 1
  • Gholam Reza Lashkaripour
    • 1
    Email author
  • Siavash Ghabezloo
    • 2
  • Naser Hafezi Moghaddas
    • 1
  • Mojtaba Heidari Tajareh
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Geology, Faculty of ScienceFerdowsi University of MashhadMashhadIran
  2. 2.Laboratoire NavierEcole des Ponts ParisTech, Ifsttar, CNRS UMR 8205Marne la ValléeFrance
  3. 3.National Iranian South Oil Company (NISOC)AhwazIran

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