Advertisement

Production of industry-specific quartz raw material using Sri Lankan vein quartz

  • S. S. Pathirage
  • P. V. A. Hemalal
  • L. P. S. Rohitha
  • N. P. RatnayakeEmail author
Original Article
  • 28 Downloads

Abstract

High-purity quartz is a major raw material in many high-tech applications. Sri Lanka is rich in quartz mineralization, with an abundance of major vein quartz deposits with purity levels exceeding 99.5% SiO2. Developing high-tech products requires considerable capital investment, expertise, and advanced processing technologies which are lacking in developing countries like Sri Lanka. In most developing countries raw quartz with limited added value is exported to industrialized countries in grit and powder forms only after size reduction of run-of quarry quartz. We here examine an alternative approach, in which value addition is achieved by production of semi-processed and processed industry-specific quartz raw material for export. Chemical compositions of major types of vein quartz from seven vein quartz deposits and products of mass scale quartz processing at a plant located in the Badulla district of Uva Province, Sri Lanka were determined in study. Critical step evaluation in mining, transport and processing activities was carried out with reference to Fe and other critical trace elements, from data determined using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy and atomic absorption spectroscopy. The results show that industrially critical trace element contents vary with type of quartz, association of accessory minerals, physical separation methods, transport practices, and comminution methods. We conclude that industry-specific quartz raw material can be produced through a combination of selective mining and exercising quality control during mining, transportation and processing activities.

Keywords

Quartz Quartz purification High-quality quartz Quartz raw material 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Professor in Geology Barry Roser, New Zealand, for his constructive comments and suggestions. We are also thankful to the Mrs. Shamalee Siriwardhana Geological Survey and Mines Bureau Sri Lanka, Mrs. Ranjani Amarasinghe of the Department of Earth Resources Engineering, University of Moratuwa and Mr. K. Kumaranayagam, Managing Director, Woolimlanka (Pvt) Ltd., for various support in field and laboratory work. This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

References

  1. Andres U, Jirestig J, Timoshkin I (1999) Liberation of minerals by high-voltage electrical pulses. Powder Technol 104:37–49.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0032-5910(99)00024-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Banza AN, Quindt J, Gock E (2006) Improvement of the quartz sand processing at Hohenbocka. Int J Miner Process 79:76–82.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.minpro.2005.11.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blankenburg HJ, Götze J, Schulz HQ (1994) Quarzrohstoffe. Deutscher Verlag für Grundstoffindustrie, Leipzig-Stuttgart. In: Götze J, Möckel R (eds) Quartz: deposits, mineralogy and analytics. Springer Science & Business Media, New York, p 296Google Scholar
  4. Burrows K, Fthenakis V (2015) Glass needs for a growing photovoltaics industry. Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells 132:455–459.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2014.09.028 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cooray PG (1978) Geology of Sri Lanka. In: Nutalaya P (ed) Proceedings of the 3rd regional conference on geology and mineral resources of SE Asia, Bangkok, Thailand, pp 701–710Google Scholar
  6. Cooray PG (1994) The Precambrian of Sri Lanka: a historical review. Precambrian Res 66:3–18.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0301-9268(94)90041-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dal Martello E, Tranell G, Gaal S et al (2011) Study of pellets and lumps as raw materials in silicon production from quartz and silicon carbide. Metall Mater Trans B Process Metall Mater Process Sci 42:939–950.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-011-9529-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dal Martello E, Bernardis S, Larsen RB et al (2012) Electrical fragmentation as a novel route for the refinement of quartz raw materials for trace mineral impurities. Powder Technol 224:209–216.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2012.02.055 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dash K, Chandrasekaran K, Thangavel S et al (2004) Determination of trace metallic impurities in high-purity quartz by ion chromatography. J Chromatogr A 1022:25–31.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2003.08.014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dhamrin M, Saitoh T, Kamisako K et al (2009) Technology development of high-quality n-type multicrystalline silicon for next-generation ultra-thin crystalline silicon solar cells. Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells 93:1139–1142.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2009.02.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Flem B, Larsen RB, Grimstvedt A, Mansfeld J (2002) In situ analysis of trace elements in quartz by using laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Chem Geol 182:237–247.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2541(01)00292-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gemeinert M, Gaber M, Hager I et al (1992) On correlation of gas–liquid inclusion’s properties and melting behaviour of different genetic quartzes for production of transparent fused silica. Neues Jahrb für Mineral 165:19–27Google Scholar
  13. Götze J (2009) Chemistry, textures and physical properties of quartz–geological interpretation and technical application. Mineral Mag 73:645–671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Götze J, Möckel R (2012) Quartz: deposits, mineralogy and analytics. Springer Science & Business Media, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Griscom DL (2006) Self-trapped holes in pure-silica glass: a history of their discovery and characterization and an example of their critical significance to industry. J Non Cryst Solids 352:2601–2617CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Harben PW (2002) The industrial mineral handybook—a guide to markets, specifications and prices, 4th edn. Industrial Mineral Information, Worcester Park, p 412Google Scholar
  17. Haus R (2005) Processing: high demands on high purity. Ind Miner 62–69Google Scholar
  18. Huang H, Li J, Li X, Zhang Z (2013) Iron removal from extremely fine quartz and its kinetics. Sep Purif Technol 108:45–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. IOTA (2017) IOTA high purity quartz. http://www.iotaquartz.com/product-range.cfm. Accessed 26 Dec 2017
  20. Jung L (1992) High-purity natural quartz. Part 1: High-purity natural quartz for industrial use. Library of Congress-in Publication Data, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  21. Kim K-D, Hwang J-H (2011) Recycling of TFT-LCD cullet as a raw material for fibre glasses. Glas Technol J Glas Sci Technol Part A 52:181–184Google Scholar
  22. Kim K (2013) Fining behavior in alkaline earth aluminoborosilicate melts doped with As2O5 and SnO2. J Am Ceram Soc 96:781–786CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kitamura R, Pilon L, Jonasz M (2007) Optical constants of silica glass from extreme ultraviolet to far infrared at near room temperature. Appl Opt 46:8118–8133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lin XH, Johnson WL, Rhim WK (1997) Effect of oxygen impurity on crystallization of an undercooled bulk glass forming Zr–Ti–Cu–Ni–Al alloy. Mater Trans JIM 38:473–477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mackey JH Jr (1963) EPR study of impurity-related color centers in germanium-doped quartz. J Chem Phys 39:74–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Manfredini T, Hanuskova M (2012) Natural raw materials in” Traditional” ceramic manufacturing. J Univ Chem Technol Metall 47:465–470Google Scholar
  27. Munasinghe T, Dissanayake CB (1982) A plate tectonic model for the geologic evolution of Sri Lanka. J Geol Soc India 23:369–380Google Scholar
  28. Müuller A, Kronz A, Breiter K (2002) Trace elements and growth pattern in quartz: a fingerprint of the evolution of the subvolcanic Podlesı Granite System (Krušsnée Hory, Czech Republic). Bull Czech Geol Surv 77:135–145Google Scholar
  29. Nawaratne SW (2009) Feldspar and vein quartz mineralization in Sri Lanka: a possible post metamorphic mid-Paleozoic pegmatitic-pneumatolytic activity. J Geol Soc Sri Lanka 13:83–96Google Scholar
  30. Parks GA (1984) Surface and interfacial free energies of quartz. J Geophys Res Solid Earth 89:3997–4008CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rakov LT (2006) Mechanisms of isomorphic substitution in quartz. Geochem Int 44:1004–1014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Santos MFM, Fujiwara E, Schenkel EA et al (2015) Processing of quartz lumps rejected by silicon industry to obtain a raw material for silica glass. Int J Miner Process 135:65–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Van den Kerkhof AM, Hein UF (2001) Fluid inclusion petrography. Lithos 55:27–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Vatalis KI, Charalampides G, Platias S, Benetis NP (2014) Market developments and industrial innovative applications of high purity quartz refines. Procedia Econ Financ 14:624–633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Vitanage PW (1985) Tectonics and mineralization in Sri Lanka. Bull Geol Soc Finl 57:157–168CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Yang Z, Feng Y, Li H et al (2014) Effect of Mn (II) on quartz flotation using dodecylamine as collector. J Cent South Univ 21:3603–3609CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. S. Pathirage
    • 1
  • P. V. A. Hemalal
    • 1
  • L. P. S. Rohitha
    • 1
  • N. P. Ratnayake
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Earth Resources EngineeringUniversity of MoratuwaMoratuwaSri Lanka

Personalised recommendations