A small-scale map analysis of the engineering-geological zone and landscape element dependencies for the land-use planning purposes in the Czech Republic
- 77 Downloads
The aim of the article is to describe the connections among the engineering-geological zones and landscape elements on the level of a small-scale map analysis of a whole country. Next, it also brings quantified spatial information on the distribution of the different engineering-geological zones in the Czech Republic (CR) in relation to landscape elements as such information is strategic for engineering, agricultural, and forestry activities of different countries. The information is crucial for scientists and land-use planners, including the limiting conditions of the distribution of certain geological environments within a country, which helps to calibrate the activities and adjust to the environments. This study reports the results of an overlay analysis of engineering-geological zones of the Czech Republic and of landscape elements (Corine). However, the major aim was not the overlay analysis itself, but an analysis of the obtained information from the whole-country perspective. Existing GIS database of engineering-geological zoning maps and CORINE Land Cover for Czech Republic in Arc/INFO GIS format was used to be data source. All data were available as polygons. For data combination, we have used GIS tool Intersection, by which we have combined data from two data layers. Resulting layer and its database were then processed; areal extent and percentage for every class were calculated. The quantification is strategic for researchers, land-use planners, developers, and designers as they may pay better attention to the most widespread engineering-geological environments in a country, and thus possibly eliminate damage arising from identical attention being paid to all geological environments. Each country should pay attention to their geological environments based on spatial distribution, and in relation to the landscape element percentages.
KeywordsEngineering-geological zones Landscape elements Overlay analysis Quantification of relations National land-use planning needs
The authors would like to thank VŠB—Technical University of Ostrava for the support within the project SP2017/22. Authors also thank the anonymous reviewers for very constructive suggestions and critics which led to the improvement of the article.
- Ciugudean-Toma VIO, R. I. C. A, Stefanescu I (2006) Engineering geology of the Bucharest city area, Romania. IAEG-2006, Engineering Geology for Tomorrow’s Cities, pp 1–8Google Scholar
- de Maynadier PG, Hunter ML Jr (2000) Road effects on amphibian movements in a forested landscape. Nat Areas J 20(1):56–65Google Scholar
- Field EH, Hough SE, Jacob KH (1990) Using microtremors to assess potential earthquake site response: a case study in Flushing Meadows, New York City. Bull Seismol Soc Am 80(6A):1456–1480Google Scholar
- Kesel RH (1988) The decline in the suspended load of the lower Mississippi River and its influence on adjacent wetlands. Environ Geol 11(3):271–281Google Scholar
- Kycl P, Zítová E, Krejčí Z (2009) Engineering geological zones, Czech geological survey, Prague In Hrnčiarová T, Mackovčin P, Zvara I et al Landscape Atlas of the Czech Republic. Prague: Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic, Průhonice: The Silva Tarouca Research Institute for Landscape and Ornamental Gardening, v. v. i., 332 p. ISBN: 978-80-85116-59-5Google Scholar
- Lamich D, Marschalko M, Yilmaz I, Bednářová P, Niemiec D, Durďák J, Kubečka K, Duda R (2016) Utilization of engineering geology in geo-tourism: few case studies of subsidence influence on historical churches in Ostrava-Karvina District (Czech Republic). Environ Earth Sci 75(2):128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Liao QL, Li X, Lee S, Dong YH (2005) Occurrence, geology and geomorphy characteristics and origin of Qianjiangping landslide in Three Gorges Reservoir area and study on ancient landslide criterion. Chin J Rock Mechan Eng 24(17):3146–3153Google Scholar
- Mu FY, Zhang ZX, Chi YB, Liu B, Zhou QB, Wang CY, Tan WB (2007) Dynamic monitoring of built-up area in Beijing during 1973–2005 based on multi-original remote sensed images. J Remote Sens Beijing 11(2):257Google Scholar
- Qun G, Hao-wu LIU (2001) Research of geology landscape technology in VR-GIS. Acta Simul Syst Sin S, 2Google Scholar
- Shu S, Yu BL, Wu JP, Liu HX (2011) Methods for deriving urban built-up area using night-light data: assessment and application. Remote Sensing Technology Application 26(2):169–176Google Scholar
- Yaxin ZFZHS (2007) CHEN Li Institute of Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050061; The Effect of Coal-mining Subsidence on Water Environment in the Shenfu-Dongsheng Mining Area [J]. Acta Geosci Sin 6Google Scholar