Advertisement

Slope monitoring: an application of time-lapse electrical resistivity imaging method in Bukit Antarabangsa, Kuala Lumpur

  • Noer El Hidayah IsmailEmail author
  • Samsudin Hj Taib
  • Fildzah Anati Mohd Abas
Original Article
  • 34 Downloads

Abstract

Slope monitoring study using 2-D electrical resistivity imaging method was conducted on a slope where a massive landslide occurred in December 2008 in Bukit Antarabangsa, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The main objective of the study is to determine the subsurface resistivity distribution of the study area and to map the risk/potential zone of landslide in the future. To detect the changes in the subsurface resistivity distribution due to variation in water saturation in the subsurface, time-lapse electrical resistivity imaging method was applied in this study. Repeated measurements of electrical resistivity over chosen lines at different times were done to monitor the changes in the subsurface resistivity distribution. The results obtained from the time-lapse electrical resistivity shows that there are significant changes in the subsurface resistivity distribution during different periods. Locations of possible slope failure are identified along the slope and are divided into Zone 1 and Zone 2. Weak zones are characterized by the large proportion of high water saturation zones and low resistivity values which are highly affected by the supply of water into the subsurface as well as the properties of the subsurface materials. These particular regions are more susceptible towards slope failure as high water content will ease the movement of soil in the subsurface. Thus, proper mitigation must be done at the problematic zones to prevent the occurrence of slope failure in the future.

Keywords

Slope monitoring Time-lapse electrical resistivity Slope failure Weak zones Saturated zones Geophysical method 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors would like to express gratitude to those involved in this research.

References

  1. Ali F, Harianto R (2004) Unsaturated residual soil, a chapter of the book entitled tropical residual soils engineering, A. A. Balkema Publishers, Taylor & Francis Group, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. Ali FH, Huat BBK (2006) Shallow foundation, a chapter of the book entitled tropical foundation engineering: design and construction in tropical soils. A. A. Balkema Publishers, Taylor & Francis Group, London, pp 71–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bekler T, Ekinchi YL, Demirci A, Erginal AE, Ertekin C (2011) Characterization of a landslide using seismic refraction, electrical resistivity and hydrometer methods, Adatepe-Canakkale, NW Turkey. J Environ Eng Geophys 16(3):115–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bièvre G, Jongmans D, Winniarski T, Zumbo V (2012) Application of Geophysical measurements for assessing the role of fissures in water infiltration within a clay landslide (Trieves area, French Alps). Hydrol Process 26 (2012):2128–2142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Burger HR, Sheehan AF, Jones CH (2006) Introduction to applied geophysics: exploring the shallow subsurface. W.W. Norton & Company Inc, New York, p 265Google Scholar
  6. Chambers JE, Meldrum PI, Gunn DA, Wilkinson PB, Kuras O, Weller AL, Ogilvy RD (2009) Hydrogeophysical monitoring of landslide processes using automated time-lapse electrical resistivity tomography (ALERT), Near Surface. In: 15th European meeting of environmental and engineering geophysics Dublin, Ireland. 7–9 September 2009Google Scholar
  7. Chigira M, Mohamad Z, Sian LC, Komoo I (2011) Landslides in weathered granitic rocks in Japan and Malaysia. Bull Geol Soc Malays 57:1–6Google Scholar
  8. Geological Map of Malaysia (1985) Geological Survey, Department of Malaysia, Scale 1:500,000Google Scholar
  9. Google Earth Pro (2008) Bukit Antarabangsa, Kuala Lumpur. 3° 11' 25.21"N, 101° 46' 00.74"E, Eye alt 1.07 km. Digital Globe 2018. http://www.earth.google.com. Accessed 10 Apr 2018
  10. Google Earth Pro (2009) Bukit Antarabangsa, Kuala Lumpur. 3° 11' 25.16"N, 101° 46' 01.79"E, Eye alt 1.07 km. Digital Globe 2018. http://www.earth.google.com. Accessed 10 Apr 2018
  11. Google Earth Pro (2011) Bukit Antarabangsa, Kuala Lumpur. 3° 11' 26.14"N, 101° 46' 05.65"E, Eye alt 1.07 km. Digital Globe 2018. http://www.earth.google.com. Accessed 10 Apr 2018
  12. Google Earth Pro (2016) Bukit Antarabangsa, Kuala Lumpur. 3° 11' 15.16"N, 101° 46' 13.9"E, Eye alt 1.07 km. Digital Globe 2018. http://www.earth.google.com. Accessed 10 Apr 2018
  13. Heiland CA (1940) Geophysical exploration. Hafner Publishing Company, Inc, New York, p 28Google Scholar
  14. Huat LT, Ali F, Ibrahim AS (2012) An investigation on one of the rainfall-induced landslides in Malaysia. Electron J Geotech Eng 17:435–448Google Scholar
  15. Ingham FT, Bradford EF (1960) The geology and mineral resources of the kinta valley, Perak. Memoir Geological Survey Dept, Fed. Malaya. 9, p 347Google Scholar
  16. Kazmi D, Qasim S, Harahap ISH (2017) Evaluation of the causes of Bukit Antarabangsa 2008 landslide by using fault tree analysis. In: MATEC web of conferences, p 138Google Scholar
  17. Keller GV, Frischknecht FC (1966) Electrical methods in geophysical prospecting. Pergamon Press, Oxford, p 517Google Scholar
  18. Lehmann P, Gambazzi F, Suski B, Baron L, Askarinejad A, Springman SM, Holliger K, Or D (2013) Evolution of soil wetting patterns preceding a hydrologically induced landslide inferred from electrical resistivity survey and point measurements of volumetric water content and pore water pressure. Water Resour Res 49:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Loke MH (1999) Electrical imaging surveys for environmental and engineering studies. A practical guide to 2D and 3D surveys. Advance Geosciences Inc., Austin, p 57Google Scholar
  20. Luongo R, Perrone A, Piscitelli S, Lapenna V (2012) A prototype system for time-lapse electrical resistivity tomographies. Int J Geophys.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/176895 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mariappan S, Ashaari M, Low TH, Nik RNH, Chong S, Subramaniam S (2010) Remedial measures adopted for slope failure at Bukit Antarabangsa, Malaysia. International Conference on Slope 2010, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 27–30 July 2010Google Scholar
  22. Meteorological Department of Malaysia (2017) [data received on 15 May 2017]Google Scholar
  23. Mukhlisin M, Idris I, Salazar AS, Nizam K, Taha MR (2010) GIS based landslide hazard mapping prediction in Ulu Klang, Malaysia. ITB Sci J 42A(2):163–178Google Scholar
  24. Ng KY (2012) Rainfall-Induced Landslides in Hulu Kelang Area, Malaysia. Bachelor of Civil Engineering Thesis, Universiti Tunku Abdul RahmanGoogle Scholar
  25. Palacky GV (1987) Resistivity characteristics of geological targets. In: Nabighian MN (ed), Electromagnetic methods in applied geophysics theory. Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, 1, pp 53–129Google Scholar
  26. Perrone A, Lapenna V, Piscitelli S (2014) Electrical resistivity tomography technique for landslide investigation: a review. Earth Sci Rev 135:65–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Slope Engineering Branch of the Public Works Department Malaysia (2008) Final Landslide Investigation Report-Investigation of Slope Failure at Taman Bukit Mewah, Bukit Antarabangsa, Hulu Klang, Selangor 6 December 2008, Volume I and II, unpublishedGoogle Scholar
  28. Supper R, Jochum B, Kim JH, Ottowitz D, Pfeiller S, Baron I, Romer A, Lovisolo M, Moser G (2012) The TEMPEL geoelectrical monitoring network for landslides: highlights of recent monitoring result. In: Application in landslide monitoring. Proceedings of GELMON 2011, Berichte Geol. B.-A., 93, pp 144–151 (ISSN 1017–8880) Google Scholar
  29. Travelletti J, Sailhac P, Malet JP, Grandjean G, Ponton J (2012) Hydrological response of weathered clay-shale slopes: water infiltration monitoring with time-lapse electrical resistivity. Hydrol Process 26:2106–2119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Tric E, Lebourg T, Jomard H, Le Cossec J (2010) Study of large-scale deformation induced by gravity on the La Clapiere landslide (Saint-Etienne de Tinee, France) using numerical and geophysical approaches. J Appl Geophys 70:206–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Yin EH (1976) New series, Peninsular Malaysia. Geological Map of Selangor Sheet 93 & 94, Scale 1:63360. Geological Survey of MalaysiaGoogle Scholar
  32. Zerathe S, Lebourg T (2012) Evolution stages of large deep-seated landslides at the front of a subalpine meridional chain (Maritime-Alps, France). Geomorphology 138:390–403CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geology, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

Personalised recommendations