Ecological stoichiometry characteristics of the leaf–litter–soil continuum of Quercus acutissima Carr. and Pinus densiflora Sieb. in Northern China

  • Jianni Sun
  • Peng GaoEmail author
  • Cheng Li
  • Rongjia Wang
  • Xiang Niu
  • Bing Wang
Original Article


To research the nutrient circulation laws of the pine-oak forest ecosystem, this paper studied the ecological stoichiometry characteristics of organic carbon (C), total nitrogen (N) and total phosphorus (P) in the two “leaf–litter–soil” continuums (QAC: Quercus acutissima Carr., PDS: Pinus densiflora Sieb.) in China and their intrinsic relationships. Results showed that (1) Contents of C, N and P in the two continuums were C > N > P, and total contents of the different components were leaf > litter > soil. (2) Ecological stoichiometry characteristics of C, N and P in the two continuums were C:P > C:N > N:P. For the different components, the C:N and C:P were litter > leaf > soil, and the N:P was leaf > litter > soil. (3) Content of C in leaves was higher than that of the global and Chinese values and indicated that their defense capabilities against outside environmental forces were very strong. While contents of N and P in soil were lower than that of the global and Chinese values. Therefore, attention should be paid to selecting nitrogen fixing species and strengthening the construction of a mixed forest in mountainous area of northern China and similar areas around the world.


Ecological stoichiometry “Leaf–litter–soil” continuum QAC and PDS Mountainous area 



The study was subsidized by grants from Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province of China (no. ZR2016CM49) and the Special Fund for Forestry Scientific Research in the Public Interest (no. 201404303-08). This work was supported by CFERN & BEIJING TECHNO SOLUTIONS Award Funds on excellent academic achievements.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianni Sun
    • 1
  • Peng Gao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cheng Li
    • 1
  • Rongjia Wang
    • 1
  • Xiang Niu
    • 2
  • Bing Wang
    • 2
  1. 1.Forestry College, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Ecological Restoration, Mountain Tai Forest Ecosystem Research Station of State Forestry AdministrationShandong Agricultural UniversityTai’anChina
  2. 2.Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Beijing Collaborative Innovation Center for Eco-environmental Improvement with Forestry and Fruit TreesChinese Academy of ForestryBeijingChina

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