Advertisement

Environmental Earth Sciences

, 77:630 | Cite as

A design solution of PRB with multispecies transport based on a multi-domain system

  • Huali Chen
  • Eungyu Park
  • Cheng Hu
Thematic Issue
  • 32 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Environmental Earth Sciences on Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering

Abstract

Based on a multi-domain system involving an up-gradient permeable reactive barrier (PRB) and a down-gradient aquifer, analytical solutions were developed to solve the multispecies solute transport. Multi-domains configuration of the transformation approach used in the previous studies is validated by comparing the calculation results from these solutions and numerical results computed by using the numerical reactive transport code. The solutions are calculated and compared with the numerical model results. When the compliance plane is far from the PRB exit face, the aquifer reaction capability was found important for the required thickness calculation of the PRB. A new PRB design equation for multi-species solute transport is developed. For the remediation multiple species sharing a single parental species, the proposed analytical solution provides meaningful designing information for the PRB remediation settlement.

Keywords

Multispecies transport Permeable reactive barrier system Modeling 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to express our gratitude to the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41401539) for supporting this study. And we also give the special thanks to the anonymous editors and reviewers for their good comments on the improvement of the manuscript quality.

References

  1. Allen-King RM, Halket RM, Burris DR (1997) Reductive transformation and sorption of cis- and trans-1, 2-Dichloroethene in a metallic iron–water system. Environ Toxicol Chem 16(3):424–429Google Scholar
  2. Arnold AA, Roberts LA (2000) Pathways and kinetics of chlorinated ethane and chlorinated acetylene reaction with Fe(0) particles. Environ Sci Technol 34(9):1794–1805CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bartlett TR, Morrison SJ (2009) Tracer method to determine residence time in a permeable reactive barrier. Ground water 47(4):598–604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Birke V, Burmeier H, Rosenau D (2003) Design, construction, and operation of tailored permeable reactive barrier. Pract Period Haz Toxic Radioact Waste Mgmt 7(4):264–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Blowes DW, Ptacek CJ (1992) Geochemical remediation of groundwater by permeable reactive walls: Removal of Chromate by reaction with ion-bearing solids, In: Proc. subsurface restoration conference (3rd Int. Conf. on ground water quality research, Dallas, Texas, June 1992), 214–216Google Scholar
  6. Clement TP (2001) Generalized solution to multispecies transport equations coupled with a first-order reaction network. Water Resour Res 37(1):157–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. COMSOL Multiphysics (2014) COMSOL User’s Guide: Version 5.0 Stockholm. COMSOLAB, SwedenGoogle Scholar
  8. Eykholt GR, Sivavec TM (1995) Contaminant transport issues for reactive-permeable barriers. In: Acar YB, Daniel DE (eds) Geoenvironment 2000, Characterization, contaminant, remediation, and performance in environmental geotechnics, 2. American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, pp 1608–1621Google Scholar
  9. Eykholt GR, Elder CR, Benson CH (1999) Effects of aquifer heterogeneity and reaction mechanism uncertainty on a reactive barrier. J Hazard Mat 68(1–2):73–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gavaskar AR (1999) Design and construction techniques for permeable reactive barriers. J Hazard Mater 68:41–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gavaskar AR, Gupta N, Sass B, Janosy R (1998), Permeable barriers for groundwater remediation, Columbus. Battelle, ColumbusGoogle Scholar
  12. Gupta N, Fox TC (1999) Hydrogeologic modeling for permeable reactive barriers. J Hazard Mater 68:19–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Johnson TL, Scherer MM, Tratnyek PG (1996) Kinetics of halogenated organic compound degradation by iron metal. Environ Sci Technol 30(8):2634–2640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Park E, Zhan H (2009) One-dimensional solute transport in a permeable reactive barrier–aquifer system. Water Resour Res 45:W07502.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2008WR007155 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Rabideau AJ, Suribhatla R, Craig JR (2005) Analytical models for the design of iron-based permeable reactive barriers. J Environ Eng 131(11):1589–1597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Roberts AL, Totten LA, Arnold WA, Burris DR, Campbell TJ (1996) Reductive elimination of chlorinated ethylenes by zero-valent metals. Environ Sci Technol 30(8):2654–2659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Scherer MM, Ritchter S, Valentine RL, Alvarez PJJ (2000) Chemistry and microbiology of reactive barriers for in situ groundwater cleanup. Crit Rev Microbiol 26(4):221–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Starr RC, Cherry JA (1994) In situ remediation of contaminated groundwater: the funnel-and-gate system. Ground Water 32(3):465–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sun Y, Petersen JN, Clement TP, Skeen RS (1999) Development of analytical solutions for multispecies transport with serial and parallel reactions. Water Resour Res 35(1):185–190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Suthersan SS (1997) Remediation engineering: design concepts. Lewis Publishers, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  21. Tratnyek PG, Johnson TL, Scherer MM, Eykholt GR (1997) Remediating ground water with zero-valent metals: chemical considerations in barrier design. Ground Water Monit Rem 17(4):108–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. U.S. EPA (1998) Permeable reactive barrier technologies for contaminant remediation. EPA/600-R-98-125Google Scholar
  23. Van Genuchten MT, Alves WJ (1982) Analytical solutions of the one-dimensional convective-dispersive solute transport equation, Tech. Bull. U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1661Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringZhejiang Gongshang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of GeologyKyungpook National UniversityDaeguRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Water Resources and Hydrogeology, School of Environmental StudiesChina University of Geosciences at WuhanWuhanChina

Personalised recommendations