Environmental Earth Sciences

, 77:630 | Cite as

A design solution of PRB with multispecies transport based on a multi-domain system

  • Huali ChenEmail author
  • Eungyu Park
  • Cheng Hu
Thematic Issue
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Environmental Earth Sciences on Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering


Based on a multi-domain system involving an up-gradient permeable reactive barrier (PRB) and a down-gradient aquifer, analytical solutions were developed to solve the multispecies solute transport. Multi-domains configuration of the transformation approach used in the previous studies is validated by comparing the calculation results from these solutions and numerical results computed by using the numerical reactive transport code. The solutions are calculated and compared with the numerical model results. When the compliance plane is far from the PRB exit face, the aquifer reaction capability was found important for the required thickness calculation of the PRB. A new PRB design equation for multi-species solute transport is developed. For the remediation multiple species sharing a single parental species, the proposed analytical solution provides meaningful designing information for the PRB remediation settlement.


Multispecies transport Permeable reactive barrier system Modeling 



We would like to express our gratitude to the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41401539) for supporting this study. And we also give the special thanks to the anonymous editors and reviewers for their good comments on the improvement of the manuscript quality.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringZhejiang Gongshang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of GeologyKyungpook National UniversityDaeguRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Water Resources and Hydrogeology, School of Environmental StudiesChina University of Geosciences at WuhanWuhanChina

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