Environmental Earth Sciences

, 77:640 | Cite as

Large-scale rainfall–runoff–inundation modeling for upper Citarum River watershed, Indonesia

  • Kania Dewi Nastiti
  • Hyunuk An
  • Yeonsu Kim
  • Kwansue JungEmail author
Original Article


The Citarum River is one of the strategic rivers in West Java, Indonesia. Its total watershed area is approximately 1800 km2. Almost every year, the overflow from the Citarum River causes the inundation of most of the upper Citarum River watershed. To prevent and mitigate flood damage, it is necessary to understand the flooding characteristics. The region, however, suffers from a lack of observational data. Therefore, to analyze the inundation caused by flooding in the upper Citarum River watershed, a rainfall–runoff–inundation (RRI) model was employed. It used the following multiple satellite-derived datasets as input data as well as for model verification: Global Satellite Mapping of Precipitation, Hydrological data and maps based on Shuttle elevation Derivatives at multiple scales, Global Mosaics of the standard MODIS land cover type data product, and Landsat 7 satellite images. Parameter calibration was performed using a Monte Carlo simulation. The simulation was performed for February 2010. The results of this study show that the RRI model identifies inundation areas in large-scale river watersheds more effectively when using multiple satellite-derived datasets compared with the observed inundation map obtained from JICA in 2010 and Landsat 7 images. The model results can be improved if high-quality observed rainfall data, topographic data, and river cross-sectional data are available.


RRI model Upper Citarum River GSMaP HydroSHEDS MCD12Q1 Landsat 7 



This research was supported by a Grant (11-TI-C06) from Advanced Water Management Research Program funded by Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Korean government.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kania Dewi Nastiti
    • 1
  • Hyunuk An
    • 2
  • Yeonsu Kim
    • 3
  • Kwansue Jung
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringChungnam National UniversityDaejeonRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural and Rural EngineeringChungnam National UniversityDaejeonRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Engineering Department, Software Development CenterKorea Water Resources CorporationDaejeonRepublic of Korea

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