Report of a Case of Tuberculosis of Mandibular Condyle in a Patient on Haemodialysis
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Tuberculosis is an infectious disease of granulomatous nature affecting multiple organs commonly caused by the acid-fast bacilli Mycobacterium tuberculosis and rarely Mycobacterium bovis . Worldwide, tuberculosis is one of the top ten causes of death and the leading cause from a single infectious agent (above HIV/AIDS). India has the highest tuberculosis burden in the world accounting for 27% of all the cases in the world .
Head and neck tuberculosis comprises nearly 10% of all cases of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) . Primary TB of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rare occurrence, and only 14 such cases have been reported in the literature so far. The presentation of tuberculous infection of the TMJ can resemble arthritis, osteomyelitis or any other kind of chronic joint disease.
Many risk factors are associated with tuberculosis, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections, transplant recipients, substance abuse, renal insufficiency,...
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The author declares that they have no conflict of interest.
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