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Impact of Oral Submucous Fibrosis on Quality of Life: A Multifactorial Assessment

  • Kirti Chaudhry
  • Rishi Bali
  • Arun Kumar Patnana
  • Chandrashekhar Chattopadhyay
  • Prem Prakash Sharma
  • Shruti KhatanaEmail author
Original Article
  • 2 Downloads

Abstract

Background

Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) has been extensively researched for its etiopathogenesis, malignant potential, and various available treatment modalities, but its effect on different domains of patient’s life has not been thoroughly investigated. The present study aimed to clearly construe the effects of OSMF like severity and demographic variables on different domains of quality of life in OSMF patients.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Dentistry, AIIMS Jodhpur, India. A total of 200 patients (after informed consent) were selected and detailed proforma filled including patient’s demographics, habits, clinical features, and quality of life using a World Health Organization Quality of life-BREF tool (WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire). Thereafter, interpretation and statistics were done by a separate trained examiner minimizing the risk of assessment bias.

Result

Quality of life (QOL) scores differed significantly according to age, site affected, habit duration, and severity of OSMF. It, however, did not differ according to gender.

Conclusion

In this study, there has been a statistically significant deterioration of quality of life in OSMF patients in all the domains. Realization of this would increase our chance to bring the focus of the society and its policy makers to confront the growing menace of OSMF.

Keywords

Quality of life Oral submucous fibrosis Mouth opening Fibrosis OSMF 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. No studies were done on animals by the author. Ethical approval was taken from the Institutional Ethical Committee.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© The Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons of India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kirti Chaudhry
    • 1
  • Rishi Bali
    • 2
  • Arun Kumar Patnana
    • 1
  • Chandrashekhar Chattopadhyay
    • 3
  • Prem Prakash Sharma
    • 4
  • Shruti Khatana
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of DentistryAIIMS JodhpurJodhpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryDAV Dental College and HospitalYamunanagarIndia
  3. 3.Dr S.N Medical CollegeJodhpurIndia
  4. 4.Community and Family MedicineAIIMS JodhpurJodhpurIndia
  5. 5.Trauma and EmergencyAIIMS JodhpurJodhpurIndia

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