Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 508–513 | Cite as

Prevalence of True Median Cleft of Upper Lip as Reflected from a Small Central Indian Population: Attempt to Report and Review the True Median Cleft of Upper Lip

  • Gunjan Dube
  • Sanchit JainEmail author
Original Article


Aims and Objectives

The median clefts of the facial skeleton and soft tissue are least in occurrence. Here we have attempted to analyze and review the prevalence of median clefts in our center.

Materials and Methods

All the patients who reported with congenital deformities from January 2013 to June 2016 were included in the study. A detailed list of patients was then re-evaluated to preclude duplication of the record which could have occurred during the admission process. All the characteristics which can be evaluated epidemiologically were individually tabulated and evaluated in detail.


Out of the 1184 patients included in the study only 2 were affected with median cleft. The prevalence of true median cleft was hence determined to be 0.17% among the cleft population.


The prevalence of the true median cleft lip is rare and hence makes it difficult to classify these clefts, and also the treatment protocol needs to be fabricated for the treatment of such clefts.


Median cleft Prevalence True median cleft 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

Permission of study is taken from Director of Dube Surgical Hospital, Jabalpur.

Informed Consent

Informed consent has been taken from all the patients.

Supplementary material

12663_2017_1072_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 18 kb)


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Copyright information

© The Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons of India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dube Surgical and Dental HospitalJabalpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryHitkarini Dental CollegeJabalpurIndia

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