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Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 417–424 | Cite as

Efficacy of Titanium Mesh Osteosynthesis in Maxillofacial Fractures

  • Navjot Kaur
  • Tejinder Kaur
  • Jasmine Kaur
  • Yashmeet Kaur
  • Sarika Kapila
  • Amneet Sandhu
Clinical Paper
  • 67 Downloads

Abstract

Introduction

Trauma is steadily increasing in the modern world and thus becoming a major public problem. Maxillofacial injuries constitute a substantial proportion of cases of trauma and occur in a variety of situations like road traffic accidents, interpersonal violence, falls or as a result of contact sports. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the efficacy of titanium mesh for osteosynthesis of maxillofacial fractures.

Materials and Methods

Fifteen patients of maxillofacial fractures who were treated with titanium mesh were included in this prospective study. The patients were evaluated preoperatively, intraoperatively and postoperatively at 7th day, 3rd week, 6th week and 12th week.

Results

The mean age of fifteen patients was 31.3 years with a male:female ratio of 14:1. The most common mode of injury was road traffic accident (86.6%). The mean time interval between injury and surgical procedure was found to be 7.6 days. The majority of fracture sites (88%) were comminuted. 93.3% of the patients achieved good occlusion by 12th week postoperatively. Postoperative complications included residual hypoaesthesia in four patients and wound dehiscence in one patient.

Conclusion

We conclude that titanium mesh is a versatile option for maxillofacial fractures. It provided good stabilization especially in comminuted fractures. As a fixation method, it was quick in placement and highly adaptable, and thus, it proved to be valuable in restoring the form and function in maxillofacial trauma patients.

Keywords

Comminuted fractures Facial injuries Semi-rigid fixation Three-dimensional stability 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Author Contribution

This manuscript has been read and approved by all the authors, the requirements for authorship as stated have been met, and each author believes that the manuscript represents honest work.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© The Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons of India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Navjot Kaur
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tejinder Kaur
    • 2
  • Jasmine Kaur
    • 2
  • Yashmeet Kaur
    • 2
  • Sarika Kapila
    • 2
  • Amneet Sandhu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryGuru Nanak Dev Dental College and Research InstituteSunamIndia
  2. 2.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgerySri Guru Ram Das Institute of Dental Sciences and ResearchAmritsarIndia

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