Fall detection monitoring systems: a comprehensive review

  • Pranesh Vallabh
  • Reza MalekianEmail author
Original Research


The increase in elderly population especially in the developed countries and the number of elderly people living alone can result in increased healthcare costs which can cause a huge burden on the society. With fall being one of the biggest risk among the elderly population resulting in serious injuries, if not treated quickly. The advancements in technology, over the years, resulted in an increase in the research of different fall detection systems. Fall detection systems can be grouped into the following categories: camera-based, ambient sensors, and wearable sensors. The detection algorithm and the sensors used can affect the accuracy of the system. The detection algorithm used can either be a decision tree or machine learning algorithms. In this paper, we study the different fall detection systems and the problems associated with these systems. The fall detection model which most recent studies implements will be analysed. From the study, it is found that personalized models are the key, for creating an accurate model and not limiting users to specific activities to perform.


Fall detection Machine learning Elderly care Healthcare 


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical, Electronic and Computer EngineeringUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa

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