Preparation of Nepheline-Based Ceramic Foams from Basalt Tailing and Black Cotton Soil

  • Yanbin Sun
  • Jianzhou Shi
  • Fujie Zhu
  • Xiaoling Tan
  • Wenqing Li
  • Yang Wang
  • Ran Zhao
  • Shaonan Xu
  • Peiping Zhang
  • Cundi Wei
  • Shiding MiaoEmail author
Original Paper


A type of ultra-light weighted, low-thermally conductive but mechanically strong ceramic foams (CF) were fabricated via the direct foaming method of using basalt tailings (BT) and black cotton soil (BCS) as main components. The sodium hydroxide (NaOH) dissolved in water glass (Na2SiO3) and calcium carbonate (CaCO3) were used as fluxing and foaming agents, respectively. The product was demonstrated to have excellent strength-to-density properties (compressive strength > 1.82 MPa, density < 0.57 g/cm3) and a low thermal conductivity (0.057 W/m·K), which meets standards of ASTM C552-14 (Grade 24) or GB/T33500-2017 (Grade L). Factors that affect the physicochemical (bulk density, apparent density, and water absorption) and mechanical properties were investigated, which include dosages of BT, NaOH, and CaCO3. Optimum parameters were found as sintering temperature 850 °C, reaction time 45 min, and dosage of BT/(BT + BCS) = 70% wt., NaOH = 13% wt. versus the total weight of BT and BCS (w(BT + BCS)), and foaming agent CaCO3 = 0.1% wt. versus w(BT + BCS). The crystalline phase in the foamed ceramics was confirmed as nepheline which was produced by desilication of orthoclase or plagioclase with presence of NaOH. This direct foaming method of using the BT + BCS system was proven to be an efficient way to prepare foamed ceramics.


Ceramic foams Preparation Black cotton soil Basalt tailing Direct foaming method 



We acknowledge the financial supports by the Province/Jilin University co-construction project - funds for new materials - (SXGJSF2017-3), National Natural Science Foundation of China (U1607122, 51874145), Qinghai Basic Program under Grant (2017-ZJ-705), and basalt original rock and product performance testing project (3R218C562416).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanbin Sun
    • 1
  • Jianzhou Shi
    • 1
  • Fujie Zhu
    • 1
  • Xiaoling Tan
    • 2
  • Wenqing Li
    • 3
  • Yang Wang
    • 4
  • Ran Zhao
    • 4
  • Shaonan Xu
    • 1
  • Peiping Zhang
    • 1
  • Cundi Wei
    • 1
  • Shiding Miao
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials of Ministry of Education, Jilin Province Solid Waste Utilization Project Center, School of Materials Science and EngineeringJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.Department of Basic SciencesQinghai UniversityXiningChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources Evaluation in Northeast Asia, Ministry of Land and ResourcesJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  4. 4.Jilin Province Huayang New Composite Material Co. LtdChangchunChina

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