Waste and Biomass Valorization

, Volume 10, Issue 10, pp 2761–2772 | Cite as

Optimization of Down-Stream for Cellulases Produced Under Solid-State Fermentation of Coffee Husk

  • Maria Marín
  • Adriana Artola
  • Antoni SánchezEmail author
Original Paper


This work systematically studies the downstream process of the solid state fermentation (SSF) of a mixture of coffee husk and wood chips, inoculated with compost, for cellulase production. Downstream of SSF (at pilot scale) remains as one of the less studied stages of the process, being critical in technical, environmental and economic terms. In this study, the specific downstream points considered were: (i) enzyme extraction yield, in terms of extraction ratio solid:solvent, agitation mode and solvent type; (ii) enzymatic activity recovery of the lyophilised extract and (iii) efficiency of consecutive extractions. Results indicate a maximum activity recovery of 108 ± 30% in the extraction performed at ratio 1:5 solid-solvent, in static mode and with distilled water. Statistical analysis revealed a high dispersion of the results and needs to be considered to extract consistent conclusions in any downstream of SSF. Lyophilisation demonstrated to be an adequate technology for enzymatic activity preservation. Regarding consecutive extractions, yield recovery in the first and second extraction maintain a similar value. In a framework of a zero-waste enzyme production process, different strategies have been tested for the remaining solid after extraction. Respirometric tests reveal that it is possible to aerobically stabilize the remaining solid obtaining a compost like material, whereas anaerobic digestion resulted in low methane yields (51 ± 3 mL methane g−1 VS).

Graphical Abstract


Cellulase extraction Activity recovery Solid state fermentation Down-stream Zero waste process 



The authors would like to thank the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, which gave financial support (Project CTM2015-69513-R) to this work. Maria Marín also thanks the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona for a predoctoral scholarship.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Composting Research Group, Department of Chemical, Biological and Environmental EngineeringUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaCerdanyola del VallèsSpain

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