Advertisement

Waste and Biomass Valorization

, Volume 10, Issue 10, pp 2887–2895 | Cite as

Microbial Induced Calcium Carbonate Precipitation (MICP) Using Pig Urine as an Alternative to Industrial Urea

  • How-Ji Chen
  • Yi-Hsun Huang
  • Chien-Cheng Chen
  • Jyoti Prakash MaityEmail author
  • Chien-Yen ChenEmail author
Original Paper
  • 327 Downloads

Abstract

Biocalcification by microbial induced CaCO3 precipitation (MICP) (catalyzes by microbial enzyme urease) is a promising field of research in recent decades due to its versatile application in industry. Besides, the animal waste disposal has attracted much attention owing to increasing awareness of environmental protection and resource substitution. Though, the biotechnical application of Pig urine which causes of environmental pollution due to existence of high amount of urea or pig urea (PU), not study yet. Present study, PU was used instead of industrial urea, first time, as the enzymatic substance to produced CaCO3 by four sets of experimental quartz-sand column (Control, A (4 h), B (6 h) and C (12 h)) with different injection time intervals (4 h, 6 h and 12 h), bacterial (Sporosarcina pasteurii, DSM 33) amount, pig urine and with 1.1 (M) CaCl2. The results revealed the precipitation of CaCO3 from PU and CaCl2 in presence of S. pasteurii. The porosity and permeability of the quartz-sand column was noted to decrease with the application of pig urine. The mechanical properties (anti-permeability) of the quartz-sand columns were noticed better, while time interval between (4 h) the application of pig urine and bacterial solution was shorter (CaCO3 formation increase by 43%, compare to control). The XRD and SEM results displayed the CaCO3 formation, which confirmed the feasibility of PU as carbonate source. The findings implied a cost reduction of MICP technology by using pig urine as urea, animal waste mitigation for environmental pollution and resource substitution.

Keywords

MICP Pig urine Quartz-sand columns CaCO3 Resources management 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors would like to thank Ministry of Science and Technology (Taiwan) for financial support (MOST 105-2811-M-194-014 and MOST 106-2811-M-194-006).

References

  1. 1.
    Abo-El-Enein, S.A., Ali, A.H., Talkhan, F.N., Abdel-Gawwad, H.A.: Utilization of microbial induced calcite precipitation for sand consolidation and mortar crack remediation. HBRC J. 8, 185–192 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Anbu, P., Kang, C.H., Shin, Y.J., So, J.S.: Formations of calcium carbonate minerals by bacteria and its multiple applications. SpringerPlus 5(250), 1–26 (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cheng, L., Cord-Ruwisch, R.: In situ soil cementation with ureolytic bacteria by surface percolation. Ecol. Eng. 42, 64–72 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dagnall, S., Jon, H.L., David, P.: Resource mapping and analysis of farm livestock manures—assessing the opportunities for biomass-to-energy schemes. Bioresour. Technol. 71, 225–234 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    DeJong, J.T., Mortensen, B.M., Martinez, B.C., Nelson, D.C.: Bio-mediated soil improvement. Ecol. Eng. 36, 197–210 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    European Commission Directive 2003/30/EC: European Parliament and of the Council of 8 May 2003 on the Promotion of the Use of Biofuels or Other Renewable Fuels for Transport (2003)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hammes, F., Verstraete, W.: Key roles of ph and calcium metabolism in microbial carbonate precipitation. Rev. Environ. Sci. Bio/Technol. 1, 3–7 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hariharan, M., Varghese, N., Cherian, A.B., Sreenivasan, P.V., Paul, J., Asmy Antony, K.A.: Synthesis and characterisation of CaCO3 (calcite) nano particles from cockle shells using chitosan as precursor. Int. J. Sci. Res. Publ. 4(10), 1–5 (2014)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Harkes, M.P., van Paassen, L.A., Booster, J.L., Whiffin, V.S., van Loosdrecht, M.C.M.: Fixation and distribution of bacterial activity in sand to induce carbonate precipitation for ground reinforcement. Ecol. Eng. 36, 112–117 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Holm-Nielsen, J.B., Al Seadi, T., Oleskowicz-Popiel, P.: The future of anaerobic digestion and biogas utilization. Bioresour. Technol. 100, 5478–5484 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hsu, C.M., Huang, Y.H., Chen, H.J., Lee, W.C., Chiu, H.W., Maity, J.P., Chen, C.C., Kuo, Y.H., Chen, C.Y.: Green synthesis of nano-Co3O4 by microbial induced precipitation (MIP) process using Bacillus pasteurii and its application as supercapacitor. Mater. Today Commun. 14, 302–311 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Keiko, S., Tomohiko, Y., Masami, T.: Synthesis of aragonite from calcined scallop shell at ambient temperatures and their morphological characterization by FE-SEM. Shigen-to-Sozai 118(8), 553–558 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kenpitts apes. Porosity and Permeability Lab. http://kenpitts.net/apes/earth_systems/2007/porosity_permeability_lab.htm. (2007). Accessed 05 June 2017
  14. 14.
    Krajewska, B.: Urease-aided calcium carbonate mineralization for engineering applications: a review. J. Adv. Res. (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2017.10.009 Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Le Me´tayer-Levrel, G., Castanier, S., Orial, G., Loubie`re, J.-F., Perthuisot, J.-P.: Applications of bacterial carbonatogenesis to the protection and regeneration of limestones in buildings and historic patrimony. Sed. Geol. 126, 25–34 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lopez-Garcia, P., Kazmierczak, J., Benzerara, K., Kempe, S., Guyot Moreira, F.: Bacterial diversity and carbonate precipitation in the giant microbialites from the highly alkaline Lake Van. Turk. Extrem. 9, 263–274 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ma, J.A.: Web-based Spatial Decision Support System for Utilizing Organic Wastes as Renewable Energy Resources in New York State. Ph.D. dissertation. Cornell University (2006)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mujah, D., Shahin, M.A., Cheng, L.: State-of-the-art review of biocementation by microbially induced calcite precipitation (MICP) for soil stabilization geomicrobiology. Journal 34(6), 524–537 (2017)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Muynck, W.D., Verbeken, K., Belie, N.D., Verstraete, W.: Influence of urea and calcium dosage on the effectiveness of bacterially induced carbonate precipitation on limestone. Ecol. Eng. 36(2), 99–111 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Nemati, M., Voordouw, G.: Modification of porous media permeability, using calcium carbonate produced enzymatically in situ. Enzym. Microb. Technol. 33, 635–642 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Okwadha, G.D.O., Li, J.: Optimum conditions for microbial carbonate precipitation. Chemosphere 81, 1143–1148 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Rong, H., Qian, C.X., Li, L.Z.: Influence of molding process on mechanical properties of sandstone cemented by microbe cement. Constr. Build. Mater. 28, 238–243 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Rong, H., Qian, C.X., Li, L.Z.: Study on microstructure and properties of sandstone cemented by microbe cement. Constr. Build. Mater. 36, 687–694 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rowshanbakht, K., Khamehchiyan, M., Sajedi, R.H., Nikudel, M.R.: Effect of injected bacterial suspension volume and relative density on carbonate precipitation resulting from microbial treatment. Ecol. Eng. 89, 49–55 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Schwantes-Cezario, N., Medeiros, L.P., De Oliveira Jr., A.G., Nakazato, G., Kobayashi, R.K.T., Toralles, B.M.: Bioprecipitation of calcium carbonate induced by Bacillus subtilis isolated in Brazil. Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. 123, 200–205 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Shirakawa, M.A., Kaminishikawahara, K.K., John, V.M., Kahn, H., Futai, M.M.: Sand bioconsolidation through the precipitation of calcium carbonate by two ureolytic bacteria. Mater. Lett. 65, 1730–1733 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Stocks-Fischer, S., Galinat, J.K., Bang, S.S.: Microbiological precipitation of CaCO3. Soil Biol. Biochem. 31, 1563–1571 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Weiner, S., Dove, P.M.: An overview of biomineralization processes and the problem of the vital effect. Rev. Mineral. Geochem. 54(1), 1–29 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Whiffin, V.S.: Microbial CaCO3 precipitation for the production of biocement. PhD Thesis, Murdoch University, Perth, WA, p162 (2004)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Whiffin, V.S., van Paassen, L.A., Harkes, M.P.: Microbial carbonate precipitation as a soil improvement technique. Geomicrobiol. J. 24(5), 417–423 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Chung-Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan, Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyNational Kaohsiung Normal UniversityKaohsiung CityTaiwan, Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesNational Chung Cheng UniversityChiayi CountyTaiwan, Republic of China
  4. 4.School of Civil Engineering and Surveying and International Centre for Applied Climate ScienceUniversity of Southern QueenslandToowoombaAustralia

Personalised recommendations