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Waste and Biomass Valorization

, Volume 10, Issue 10, pp 3173–3184 | Cite as

Assessing Methane Emission and Economic Viability of Energy Exploitation in a Typical Sicilian Municipal Solid Waste Landfill

  • Daniele Di TrapaniEmail author
  • Maurizio Volpe
  • Gaetano Di Bella
  • Antonio Messineo
  • Roberto Volpe
  • Gaspare Viviani
case study

Abstract

Sanitary landfills for municipal solid waste (MSW) represent one of the major anthropogenic source of GHGs emissions and are directly responsible of the climate changes we are facing nowadays. Indeed, the biodegradable organic matter of MSW undergoes anaerobic digestion producing the landfill gas (LFG), whose main components are CH4 and CO2. Therefore, biomethane energy exploitation in MSW landfills will reduce GHGs emission positively affecting the global warming. The aim of the present study was to assess the methane production in a Sicilian landfill by comparing the results from field measurements of methane emission and the estimates achieved by applying different mathematical models. A subsequent energetic/economic analysis was carried out based on the Italian incentive mechanisms. Two different scenarios were simulated for LFG valorization considering either internal combustion engines or micro gas turbines. The evaluation of the economic viability was performed by applying the classic models of the Net Present Value and Internal Rate of Return. The results of the present study showed that the LFG produced in the investigated landfill could be profitably used as energetic source and the economic income due to thermal and electrical energy valorization might positively contribute to the landfill management.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Methane emission Landfill Waste management Energy exploitation Economic viability 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors thank “ATO Enna Euno S.p.A.” Company and in particular Eng. Salvatore Rindone for providing the data of waste disposal and for the collaboration during the field campaign. Authors warmly thank Eng. Maria Gabriella Giustra and Eng. Davide Bonasera for their precious help during field campaign operations and data processing.

Supplementary material

12649_2018_321_MOESM1_ESM.docx (21 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 21 KB)
12649_2018_321_MOESM2_ESM.docx (22 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 21 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniele Di Trapani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Maurizio Volpe
    • 2
  • Gaetano Di Bella
    • 2
  • Antonio Messineo
    • 2
  • Roberto Volpe
    • 3
  • Gaspare Viviani
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil, Environmental, Aerospace and Materials Engineering (DICAM)Università degli Studi di PalermoPalermoItaly
  2. 2.Faculty of Engineering and ArchitectureUniversità degli Studi di Enna “Kore”EnnaItaly
  3. 3.School of Engineering and Materials ScienceQueen Mary University of LondonLondonUK

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