Waste and Biomass Valorization

, Volume 10, Issue 10, pp 2933–2942 | Cite as

Valorization of Vanillyl Alcohol by Pigments: Prussian Blue Analogue as a Highly-Effective Heterogeneous Catalyst for Aerobic Oxidation of Vanillyl Alcohol to Vanillin

  • Meng-Wei Zheng
  • Hong-Kai Lai
  • Kun-Yi Andrew LinEmail author
Original Paper


Prussian blue analogues (PBA), a class of metal-coordinated frameworks, are proposed in this study for aerobic oxidation of a lignin model compound, vanillyl alcohol (VAL), to the valuable product, vanillin (VN). While different metals and hexacyano-metalates are used to prepare various PBAs, the prototype PBA (Fe3[Fe(CN)6]2 abbreviated as “FeFe”) exhibited the highest catalytic activity towards VAL conversion to VN. The kinetics of VAL conversion is determined and the production of VN is also analyzed using the pseudo first order rate law. In addition, FeFe exhibits the highest catalytic activity to convert VAL to VN with the highest production and selectivity compared to the reported heterogeneous catalysts. FeFe can be also re-used to catalyze conversion of VAL to VN without significant activity loss. These features indicate that FeFe, as an easy-to-obtain and non-toxic pigment, is a promising catalyst for aerobic oxidation of VAL.


Lignin model compounds Vanillyl alcohol Vanillin Prussian blue 

Supplementary material

12649_2018_280_MOESM1_ESM.docx (231 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 231 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meng-Wei Zheng
    • 1
  • Hong-Kai Lai
    • 1
  • Kun-Yi Andrew Lin
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Environmental EngineeringNational Chung Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan

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