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Waste and Biomass Valorization

, Volume 10, Issue 7, pp 1795–1810 | Cite as

Weed as Underutilized Bio-resource and Management Tool: A Comprehensive Review

  • Virbala SharmaEmail author
  • Shreekar Pant
Review

Abstract

Weeds are widespread unwanted plants which pose a significant threat to ecosystem worldwide due to their high competitive success rate, adaptability and tolerance to adverse environmental conditions. They generally have a negative connotation and attempts to control them have proved costly with minimum results. Weed plants are estimated to cause 30% loss in potential crop production worth about US $90 billion per year in reduced crop yields in India. So, there is a renewed interest in focusing on utilization of weeds in productive ways. Various conventional methods have been used globally to manage them but with modest success and inconsistency. Therefore, holistic approach like utilization of weed plants for various value added products in a productive way is required. Besides being used as bio-resource, they can also be used as management tool. They are cheap, easily available and adaptive to changing climate so can be used as source of essential oils, pharmaceuticals, biochar, biofuel and bioenergy. They can also be employed as metal hyperaccumulator, biosorbent, in soil amendment and for carbon sequestration.

Keywords

Weeds Pharmaceuticals Biochar Metal hyperaccumulator Biosorbent Soil amendment 

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Earth and Environmental SciencesCentral University of Himachal PradeshDharamshalaIndia
  2. 2.Conservation Ecology Laboratory, Department of Botany, School of Biosciences and BiotechnologyBGSB UniversityRajouriIndia

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