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Hydrogen and Methane Production from Food Residue Biomass Product (FORBI)

  • I. Michalopoulos
  • G. M. Lytras
  • D. Mathioudakis
  • C. Lytras
  • A. Goumenos
  • I. Zacharopoulos
  • K. Papadopoulou
  • G. Lyberatos
Original Paper
  • 8 Downloads

Abstract

This study concerns the production of hydrogen and methane from a Food Residue Biomass (FORBI) product (Papanikola et al. in 5th international conference on sustainable waste management systems, Athens, 2017), generated from pre-sorted HFW in a CSTR and in a PABR respectively. FORBI is generated by drying and shredding the fermentable fraction of household food waste collected door-to-door in the Municipality of Halandri, Greece. Hydrogen production from FORBI through anaerobic fermentation under acidogenic mesophilic conditions was carried out using a 4 L CSTR, operated at 12 h HRT under an organic loading of 15 g TS L−1. The H2-CSTR was operated for 40 days. During the operation of H2-CSTR the production of biogas reached up to 0.1026 Lbiogas gFORBI−1 and the percentage of hydrogen in the gas up to 48.2%. The conversion of FORBI into methane was carried out through the operation of a 77 L PABR operated under mesophilic methanogenic conditions at various operating parameters (OLR, HRT, T). Two different approaches were adopted for the pre-treatment of the feedstock. For the two first phases of the experimental procedure, a liquid extraction step was carried out before feeding the bioreactor with the separated liquid fraction, while in the subsequent three phases, a whole suspension of FORBI was used as feed. The mean biogas production rate was 0.158 ± 0.02 Lbiogas gFORBI−1 and the mean methane percentage in the biogas was 67.5 ± 2.1%, in the first two phases. The mean biogas production rate was 0.519 ± 0.03 Lbiogas gFORBI−1 and the mean methane percentage in the biogas was 66 ± 2.8%, when a whole suspension of FORBI was fed to the PABR.

Keywords

Methane Hydrogen Volatile fatty acids Food residue biomass Dark hydrogen fermentation Anaerobic digestion PABR 

Abbreviations

ABR

Anaerobic baffled reactor

CSTR

Continuous stirred tank reactor

FORBI

Food residue biomass

GCV

Gross calorific value

GHG

Green house gases

HFW

Household fermentable waste

HRT

Hydraulic retention time

MSW

Municipal solid waste

NCV

Net calorific value

OLR

Organic loading rate

PABR

Periodic anaerobic baffled reactor

sCOD

Soluble chemical oxygen demand

T

Switching period

tCOD

Total chemical oxygen demand

TSS

Total suspended solids

VFAs

Volatile fatty acids

VSS

Volatile suspended solids

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is produced under research project Horizon 2020, Grant Agreement No 688995. «Moving towards Life Cycle Thinking by integrating Advanced Waste Management Systems-[WASTE4THINK].

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemical EngineeringNational Technical University of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.Institute of Chemical Engineering Sciences (ICE-HT)PatrasGreece

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