Hydrogen and Methane Production from Food Residue Biomass Product (FORBI)

  • I. Michalopoulos
  • G. M. Lytras
  • D. Mathioudakis
  • C. Lytras
  • A. Goumenos
  • I. Zacharopoulos
  • K. PapadopoulouEmail author
  • G. Lyberatos
Original Paper


This study concerns the production of hydrogen and methane from a Food Residue Biomass (FORBI) product (Papanikola et al. in 5th international conference on sustainable waste management systems, Athens, 2017), generated from pre-sorted HFW in a CSTR and in a PABR respectively. FORBI is generated by drying and shredding the fermentable fraction of household food waste collected door-to-door in the Municipality of Halandri, Greece. Hydrogen production from FORBI through anaerobic fermentation under acidogenic mesophilic conditions was carried out using a 4 L CSTR, operated at 12 h HRT under an organic loading of 15 g TS L−1. The H2-CSTR was operated for 40 days. During the operation of H2-CSTR the production of biogas reached up to 0.1026 Lbiogas gFORBI−1 and the percentage of hydrogen in the gas up to 48.2%. The conversion of FORBI into methane was carried out through the operation of a 77 L PABR operated under mesophilic methanogenic conditions at various operating parameters (OLR, HRT, T). Two different approaches were adopted for the pre-treatment of the feedstock. For the two first phases of the experimental procedure, a liquid extraction step was carried out before feeding the bioreactor with the separated liquid fraction, while in the subsequent three phases, a whole suspension of FORBI was used as feed. The mean biogas production rate was 0.158 ± 0.02 Lbiogas gFORBI−1 and the mean methane percentage in the biogas was 67.5 ± 2.1%, in the first two phases. The mean biogas production rate was 0.519 ± 0.03 Lbiogas gFORBI−1 and the mean methane percentage in the biogas was 66 ± 2.8%, when a whole suspension of FORBI was fed to the PABR.


Methane Hydrogen Volatile fatty acids Food residue biomass Dark hydrogen fermentation Anaerobic digestion PABR 



Anaerobic baffled reactor


Continuous stirred tank reactor


Food residue biomass


Gross calorific value


Green house gases


Household fermentable waste


Hydraulic retention time


Municipal solid waste


Net calorific value


Organic loading rate


Periodic anaerobic baffled reactor


Soluble chemical oxygen demand


Switching period


Total chemical oxygen demand


Total suspended solids


Volatile fatty acids


Volatile suspended solids



This work is produced under research project Horizon 2020, Grant Agreement No 688995. «Moving towards Life Cycle Thinking by integrating Advanced Waste Management Systems-[WASTE4THINK].


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemical EngineeringNational Technical University of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.Institute of Chemical Engineering Sciences (ICE-HT)PatrasGreece

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