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Waste and Biomass Valorization

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 797–803 | Cite as

Influence of Synthetic and Natural Antioxidants on the Oxidation Stability of Beef Tallow Before Biodiesel Production

  • Maurício N. Kleinberg
  • Maria A. S. Rios
  • Hugo L. B. Buarque
  • Marcelo M. V. Parente
  • Célio L. CavalcanteJr.
  • F. Murilo T. LunaEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Beef tallow is a promising alternative as a non-edible raw material for biodiesel production, due to its lower price compared to vegetable oils such as soybean oil. The problem of using beef tallow as a raw material for biodiesel is its high acidity level, found as a consequence of hydrolysis and oxidation reactions. These degradation processes are significant in the presence of high levels of humidity and temperature, which are usually found in the storage conditions. In this study, the influence of synthetic and natural antioxidants on the oxidation stability of beef tallow was evaluated using Rancimat tests and by monitoring their acid and peroxide values over 148 days of storage in an oven. The studied synthetic and natural (cashew nut shell liquid, CNSL) antioxidants were effective to prevent oxidation of beef tallow on storage conditions. Biodiesel samples were produced from samples of beef tallow with and without antioxidants. The biodiesel samples produced from beef tallow containing BHT presented the best induction period values. The biodiesel samples produced from beef tallow containing technical CNSL (0.5 wt%) met the requirement of oxidation stability at 110 °C determined by the Brazilian specification.

Keywords

Beef tallow Oxidative degradation Antioxidants Biodiesel 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge financial support from CNPq, CAPES and Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Ceará.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maurício N. Kleinberg
    • 1
  • Maria A. S. Rios
    • 3
  • Hugo L. B. Buarque
    • 4
  • Marcelo M. V. Parente
    • 1
  • Célio L. CavalcanteJr.
    • 2
  • F. Murilo T. Luna
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Energias RenováveisInstituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Ceará, Campus MaracanaúMaracanaúBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Engenharia Química, Grupo de Pesquisa em Separações por Adsorção, Núcleo de Pesquisas em LubrificantesUniversidade Federal do CearáFortalezaBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica, Grupo de Inovações Tecnológicas e Especialidades QuímicasUniversidade Federal do CearáFortalezaBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de Química e Meio AmbienteInstituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Ceará, Campus FortalezaFortalezaBrazil

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