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Waste and Biomass Valorization

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 1013–1020 | Cite as

Low-Temperature Catalytic Cracking of Biomass Gasification Tar Over Ni/HZSM-5

  • Guanyi Chen
  • Jian Li
  • Cong Liu
  • Beibei Yan
  • Zhanjun Cheng
  • Wenchao MaEmail author
  • Jingang Yao
  • Huan Zhang
Original Paper
  • 248 Downloads

Abstract

Tar is a major bottleneck for advancing biomass gasification in industrial applications, and therefore it is necessary to develop a clean and efficient tar elimination technology. Experiments of ex-situ real tar catalytic cracking to produce syngas under low temperature condition were proposed in this study with Ni supported by HZSM-5 as catalyst. The effects of various reaction conditions on catalytic performance were investigated, and the mechanisms of tar cracking and coke formation were also discussed by XRD, ICP-MS and BET analysis. Results showed that tar conversion and heat value of gaseous products were 91.52 wt% and 6.40 MJ/Nm3, respectively, when temperature was 500 °C, WHSV was 0.65 h−1 and Ni loading content was 6 wt%. However, coking rate of catalyst was higher than 19.20 wt%. HZSM-5 supported Ni exhibited remarkable tar cracking ability and it could also improve heating value of gaseous products, but coke deactivation of catalyst should be further investigated.

Keywords

Biomass gasification Tar Catalytic cracking HZSM-5 supported Ni 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work is financially supported by project in the National Science & Technology Pillar Program (2015BAD21B06) and the project in the Natural Science Foundation of China (51676138).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ScienceTibet UniversityLhasaChina
  2. 2.School of Environmental Science and Engineering/State Key Laboratory of EnginesTianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  3. 3.Tianjin Engineering Centre of Biomass-derived Gas and Oil/Key Laboratory of Biomass-based Oil and Gas (China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation)TianjinChina
  4. 4.Architectural Design Research Institute of Tianjin UniversityTianjinChina
  5. 5.Key Laboratory of Efficient Utilization of Low and Medium Grade Energy (Tianjin University), Ministry of EducationTianjinChina

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