Waste and Biomass Valorization

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 817–825 | Cite as

Bioconversion of Saccharum officinarum Leaves for Ethanol Production Using Separate Hydrolysis and Fermentation Processes

  • Pasakorn Jutakridsada
  • Khwantri Saengprachatanarug
  • Pornnapa Kasemsiri
  • Salim Hiziroglu
  • Khanita KamwilaisakEmail author
  • Prinya Chindaprasirt
Original Paper


The leaves of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) are agricultural wastes that can be converted to bioethanol by separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF) processes. The effect of dilute acid hydrolysis conditions such as acid concentration, sugarcane leave concentration and hydrolysis time on sugar production were investigated. The optimized conditions were at 1%v/v of H2SO4, 100 g/L of sugarcane leaves, and hydrolysis time 60 min. The hydrolysate yielded sugar monomers at a concentration of 14.48 g/L of xylose and 2.59 g/L of glucose that was neutralized prior to fermentation. The fermentation process was carried out using shaken and unshaken stages. The shaken stage was maintained at 30 °C at 150 rpm for 24 h. It was found that Pichia stipitis BCC 15191 consumed only glucose then xylose after glucose depletion, while Candida shehatae TISTR 5843 used the both sugars concurrently in the exponential phase. Aggregation of P. stipitis BCC 15191 cells occurred during the stationary phase. Maximal ethanol yields of 0.21 and 0.20 g Ethanol/g Sugar consumptions were obtained for C. shehatae TISTR 5843 and P. stipitis BCC 15191, respectively. This study demonstrates the potential value of this agricultural waste as a useful feedstock for biological generation of bioethanol.


Acid hydrolysis Bioethanol Candida shehatae Pichia stipitis SHF process 



We gratefully acknowledge Khon Kean University for financial support (600023), Farm Engineering and Automatic Control Technology, Applied Engineering for Important Crops of the Northeast Research Group, and the Graduate School at Khon Kaen University for financial support. We are also grateful to Dr. Malinda Salim and Dr. Stephen Jaffe for great input and suggestions.

Supplementary material

12649_2017_104_MOESM1_ESM.docx (65 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 64 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pasakorn Jutakridsada
    • 1
  • Khwantri Saengprachatanarug
    • 2
  • Pornnapa Kasemsiri
    • 1
  • Salim Hiziroglu
    • 3
  • Khanita Kamwilaisak
    • 1
    Email author
  • Prinya Chindaprasirt
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  3. 3.Department of Natural Resource Ecology and ManagementOklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA
  4. 4.SIRDC-Sustainable Infrastructure Research and Development, Faculty of EngineeringKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand

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