Waste and Biomass Valorization

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 399–405 | Cite as

Effect of Storage Time on the Chemical Characterization of Pyroligneous Liquor From Eucalyptus Wood

  • R. S. R. Almeida
  • M. M. Taccini
  • L. F. de MouraEmail author
  • U. L. Ceribelli
  • J. O. Brito
  • M. Millan
Brief report


This research focused on the effect of storage time on the chemical composition of the pyroligneous liquor (PL) produced during the pyrolysis of eucalyptus wood in a laboratory furnace at a relatively low heating rate (1 °C min−1) and a maximum temperature of 400 °C. The chemical compounds present in PL were identified through gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. This analysis was repeated over 19 months to observe changes in PL composition. Compounds such as 1,2-butanediol, 2-methoxytetrahydrofuran, 1,2-cyclopentanedione were only detected in the fresh PL and not after 11 or 19 months of storage. On the other hand, in PL stored for 11 and 19 months, new compounds were found, such as propanoic acid, butanediol, 5,9-dodecadien-2-one,6-10-dimethyl cyclopentanone, which were not observed in fresh PL. This suggests that PL from eucalyptus wood pyrolysis contains reactive compounds, mainly oxygenated, that interact during storage. Regarding the moment of stabilization of the qualitative composition of the PL, this research suggests that it is only reached after 11 months of storage. Phenol and furan derivatives were found to be stable, only reacting in their side chains without affecting the central ring. On the other hand, derivatives of tetrahydrofuran showed significant reactivity and tended to disappear with storage time.

Graphical Abstract


Pyroligneous liquor Pyrolysis Eucalyptus GC-MS 


  1. 1.
    Souza, J.B.G., Poppi, N.R. Raposo J.L.R. Jr.: Characterization of pyroligneous acid used in agriculture by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. 23(4), 610–617 (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mohan, D., Pittman, C.U. Jr., Steele, P. H.: Pyrolysis of wood/biomass for bio-oil: a critical review. Energy Fuels 20(3), 848–889 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Associação dos produtores de agricultura natural. Produção e padronização de extratos pirolenhosos da APAN. São Paulo (2013)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Campos, A.D.: Técnicas para produção de extrato pirolenhoso para uso agrícola. Circular Técnica nº 65. Embrapa, Pelotas (2007)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Diebold, J.P. A.: Review of the chemical and physical mechanisms of the storage stability of fast pyrolysis bio-oils. Report NREL/SR-570-27613, Golden (Colorado). (2000). Accessed 20 Nov 2012
  6. 6.
    de Assis, J.B.: Política florestal em Minas Gerais. In: Mello, M.G. (ed.) Biomassa, energia dos trópicos em Minas Gerais, pp. 115–132. FAFICH, LabMídia, Belo Horizonte (2001)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Couto, L., Müller, M.D.: Florestas energéticas no Brasil. In: Cortez, L.A.B., Lora, E.E.S., Gómez, E.O. (eds.) Biomassa para energia. pp. 93–110. Editora da Unicamp, Campinas (2008)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    González, J.F., Encinar, J.M., Canito, J.L., Sabio, E., Chacón, M.: Pyrolysis of cherry stones: energy uses of the different fractions and kinetic study. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis 67, 165–190 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Becidan, M., Skreiberg, O., Hustad, J.: Products distribution and gas release in pyrolysis of thermally thick biomass residues samples. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis 78, 207–213 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Assis, M.R., Protásio, T.P., Assis, C.O., Trugilho, P.F., Santana, W.M.S.: Qualidade e rendimento do carvão vegetal de um clone híbrido de Eucalyptus grandis x Eucalyptus urophylla. Pesqui. Florest. Bras. 32(71), 291–302 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Oliveira, A.C., Carneiro, A.C.O., Vital, B.R., Almeida, W., Pereira, B.L.C., Cardoso, M.T.: Quality parameters of Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell. wood and charcoal. Sci. For. 38(87), 431–439 (2010)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Martins, A.F., Diniz, J., STahl, J.A., Cardoso, A.L.: Caracterização dos produtos líquidos e do carvão de pirólise de serragem de eucalipto. Quím. Nova 30(4), 873–878 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Esteves, B., Graça, J., Pereira, H.: Extractive composition and summative chemical analysis of thermally treated eucalypt Wood. Holzforschung 62(3), 344–351 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    RatanapisiT, J., Apiraksakul, S., Rerngnarng, A., Chungsiriporn, J., Bunyakarn, C.: Preliminary evaluation of production and characterization of wood vinegar from rubberwood. Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol. 31(3), 343–349 (2009)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sadaka, S.P.: Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Iowa State University 1521 West F. Ave. Nevada, IA 50201. Acessed Aug 2012

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. S. R. Almeida
    • 1
  • M. M. Taccini
    • 1
  • L. F. de Moura
    • 1
    Email author
  • U. L. Ceribelli
    • 1
  • J. O. Brito
    • 1
  • M. Millan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Forest SciencesESALQ/University of São PauloPiracicabaBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringImperial College LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations