Optimization of Sodium Hydroxide Pretreatment Conditions to Improve Biogas Production from Asparagus Stover
- 104 Downloads
Alkaline pretreatment was employed to enhance biogas production from asparagus stover with anaerobic digester in laboratory scale batch fermentation. Different pretreatment times (10, 18, 25 days), NaOH concentrations (2.5, 5, 7.5%), and water dose (20, 60, 100 mL) were tested to select the best pretreatment conditions. With response surface method (RSM) applied, the optimum pretreatment conditions were pretreatment time of 19d, NaOH concentration of 4.2%, water dose of 74 g.The biogas yield was predicted as 275.65 mL/g VS, while it was observed as 277.86 mL/g VS in the verification test, with the relative error of 0.80%. Further more, the verification tests show that contents of hemi-cellulose, cellulose and lignin after pretreatment were decreased by 65.20, 29.06 and 13.51%, respectively. The above results suggest that the effects of NaOH on degradations of hemi-cellulose and cellulose are higher than that on lignin.
KeywordsAlkaline pretreatment Agricultural waste Anaerobic digestion Response surface method
Financial support from National Natural Science Foundation of China through contract (Grant No. 51376121) is greatly acknowledged.
- 2.Ministry of Agriculture.: China’s rural biogas project planning (2006–2010), Science and Technology Education Department of Ministry of Agriculture [in Chinese], Beijing (2007)Google Scholar
- 3.Liu, R.: Biomass energy engineering. Chemical Engineering Press, Beijing (2009)Google Scholar
- 12.Zinatizadeh, A.A.L., Mohamed, A.R., Abdullah, A.Z., Mashitah, M.D., Isa, M.H., Najafpour, G.D.: Process modeling and analysis of palm oil mill effluent treatment in an up-flow anaerobic sludge fixed film bioreactor using response surface methodology (RSM). Water Res. 17(40), 3193–3208 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 16.Sun, C., Liu, R., Qin, G.: Experiments on pretreatment and anaerobic digestion of asparagus stalk for biogas production. Trans. CSAM. 8(41), 1000–1298 (2010) (In Chinese)Google Scholar
- 18.Goering, H.K., van Soest, P.J.: Forage Fiber Analysis (Apparatus, Reagents, Procedures, and Some Applications). Agricultural Handbook, No. 379. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC (1970)Google Scholar
- 24.Oglekar, A.M., May, A.T.: Product excellence through design of experiments. Cereal Food World. 32, 857–868 (1987)Google Scholar