Pressure-induced phase transitions, electronic, elastic and vibrational properties of zinc oxide under high pressure

  • Cihan KürkçüEmail author
  • Ziya Merdan
  • Çağatay Yamçıçıer
Original Paper


In this work, the crystal structure of the ZnO was studied under high hydrostatic pressure using ab initio calculations. Pressure–volume relationships and structural transitions in ZnO were investigated using Siesta method. A first-order transition from the hexagonal wurtzite (B4) structure with space group \( P6_{3} mc \) to the cubic NaCl (B1) structure with space group \( Fm\bar{3}m \) was successfully observed. A transition was also observed from \( Fm\bar{3}m \) to another cubic CsCl (B2) structure with space group \( Pm\bar{3}m \) for ZnO. These phase transitions which occur around 9 and 119.5 GPa were also analyzed from the total energy and enthalpy calculations. In addition, electronic, elastic and vibrational properties of ZnO were analyzed based on the high pressure.


Phase transitions Electronic structure calculations Pressure Bulk crystals 


64.60.−I 71.15.−m 61.50.Ks 61.50.−f 


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Copyright information

© Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and AutomationAhi Evran UniversityKırşehirTurkey
  2. 2.Science FacultyGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Institute of ScienceGazi UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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