Resilience and Self-Compassion Related with Achievement Emotions, Test Anxiety, Intolerance of Uncertainty, and Academic Achievement

  • Wing Ki TangEmail author
Original Article


This article focuses on the interrelationships between resilience, self-compassion, achievement emotions, test anxiety, intolerance of uncertainty, and academic performance induced by examinations. The study includes a total of 202 undergraduates selected from universities in Hong Kong through convenience sampling. Students who participated in the study filled out an anonymous questionnaire. Path analyses and structural equation modeling were used in this study. The results showed that cognitive test anxiety is positively significant to self-compassion, which was also found to be a positive predictor of resilience. In fact, resilience is the strongest positive predictor of intolerance of uncertainty, which was significantly related to the factors of self-referent implications and “spoiled everything.”


Intolerance of uncertainty Cognitive test anxiety Achievement emotion Resilience Self-compassion Academic performance 



Thanks for participating in this research study. The present study is to examine the relationship between resilience, self-compassion, achievement emotions, intolerance of uncertainty, test anxiety and academic achievement. Thus, you required filling in the five aspects of the rating scale in order to measure your levels of resilience, self-compassion, achievement emotions, test anxiety, and intolerance of uncertainty. There is no deception in this research as well. For all data in this research, no further action or computation after finishing this research. If you know any friends or classmates are eligible to participate in this study, please do not discuss it with them. It greatly appreciates your cooperation.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Human Research Ethics Committee.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© National Academy of Psychology (NAOP) India 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Assistant, Department of Applied Social SciencesThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHung Hom, KowloonHong Kong

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