Treatment of Sarcoptic mange infestation in rabbits with long acting injectable ivermectin
- 62 Downloads
Sarcoptic mange infestation is one of the major constrains in commercial rabbit rearing due to their ability to produce negative impact on the growth rates and feed conversion efficiency. Ten adult rabbits presented with the history of anorexia, pruritis and crusty lesion in ear, face and legs were selected for the study. Skin scraping examination revealed presence of Sarcoptes scabiei. The subcutaneous administration of single dose long acting injectable Ivermectin (3.15% w/v) formulation at a dose rate of 700 mcg/kg body weight was found to be safe, effective and less time consuming for the management of Sarcoptic mange in naturally infested rabbits. The skin scrapings collected from all the rabbits under study on days 14 and 28 were negative on both instances indicating rapid elimination of S. scabiei with a single dose of long acting ivermectin. No relapse of infestation was observed in any of the rabbits under treatment during the 6 month observation period following the treatment.
KeywordsSarcoptic mange Rabbit Ivermectin Long acting
KS: Conceived and designed the analysis, collected the data, performed the analysis, and written the manuscript. SA: Collected the data, performed the analysis. SAS: Conceived and designed the analysis, collected the data. SP: Conceived and designed the analysis.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The study was conducted in clinical cases of Sarcoptes scabiei infestation in rabbits presented to Veterinary Polyclinic, Mannarkkad, Palakkad and does not require any permission from animal ethics committee. All protocols followed were as per the guidelines from the standard textbooks in Veterinary Medicine and were ethical.
- Bhardwaj RK, Ahmad Mir I, Ahmad O, Kumar A, Wahid A, Bhardwaj D (2012) An outbreak of mange in rabbits. Indian Vet J 89(12):78Google Scholar
- Darzi MM, Mir MS, Shahardar RA, Pandit BA (2007) Clinico-pathological, histochemical and therapeutic studies on concurrent sarcoptic and notoedric acariosis in rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Veterinarski arhiv 77(2):167–175Google Scholar
- Kachhawa JP, Kachhawaha S, Srivastava M, Chahar A, Singh NK (2013) Therapeutic management of scabies in rabbits. Intas Polivet 14(2):306–309Google Scholar
- Kumar A, Kumar R, Archana, Kumari N (2018a) A successful treatment report on rabbits infected with sarcoptic mange. Pharma Innov J 7(2):1–3Google Scholar
- Kumar M, Nath A, Debbarma S, Bhattacharjee S, Monsang S, Bijwal D, Raghavan S (2018b) Comparative curative efficacy of ivermectin and ivermectin with vitamin supplementation treatment against naturally infested Sarcoptes scabiei Mite in rabbits: a retrospective study. Int J Livest Res 8(12):82–86Google Scholar
- Reddy CBK, Kumari KN, Sundar NS, Kumar NV (2016) Otitis externa associated with scabies and its zoonotic importance. Int J Sci Environ Technol 5(6):4370–4374Google Scholar
- Scott DW, Miller WH, Griffin GE (2001) Dermatosis of pet rodents, rabbits and ferrets. Muller and kirks small animal dermatology. W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 1448–1449Google Scholar
- Singh B, Gupta D, Tiwari A, Shukla PC (2017) Therapeutic management of sarcoptic mange in rabbit: a case report. Glob J Bio-Sci Biotechnol 6(2):398–399Google Scholar
- Soulsby EJL (1982) Helminths, arthropods and protozoa of domesticated animals, 7th edn. Bailliere Tindall, LondonGoogle Scholar