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Association between infestation by Lynxacarus radovskyi (Acari: Lystrophoridae) and the occurrence of Feline Eosinophilic Granuloma Complex

  • Camilla Matias da Rocha
  • Priscila Camargo Granadeiro Farias
  • Leonardo Gorza
  • Filippe Elias de Freitas SoaresEmail author
  • Carolina Magri Ferraz
  • Ricardo Leandro Oliveira Souza
  • Lucas Brazolino Siepierski Renon
  • Fabio Ribeiro Braga
Short Communication
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Abstract

Lynxacarus radovskyi are mites commonly found within domestic feline hair stems. The infested animal presents an opaque fur with a “salt and pepper” aspect. The contamination may occur by direct contact with other infected animals or by fomites, and the main diagnostic tool is the direct examination of the fur. The Feline Eosinophilic Granuloma Complex (FEGC) is a dermatological pattern of an immune answer against many types of injuries in felines, mainly during allergic reactions, and the treatment of choice are corticosteroids. The objective of this work was to document the linxcariosis cases at the Veterinary Hospital Professor Ricardo Alexandre Hippler—University of Vila Velha. Futhermore, the work also meant to research the association between the parasite contagion and the occurrence of FEGC injuries, which commonly occurred. Between April 2017 and August 2018, there were 8 reported cases of felines infested with L. radovskyi. The diagnoses were made with Acetate tape impression or by direct fur examination. Seven out of the eight cats presented with at least one characteristic injury of the FEGC. In all of them the chosen treatment was moxidectin or spot-on imidacloprid plus corticotherapy on the cats with FEGC, which were effective.

Keywords

Ectoparasite Mite Cat Moxidectin Imidacloprid FEGC 

Notes

Acknowledgements

FAPES, CAPES and CNPq are gratefully acknowledged for their financial contributions.

Author contributions

CMR, PCGF, LLG, and LBSR designed the study protocol. CMR, FEFS, RLOS, and FRB collected data and were involved in the analysis and interpretation of all data. CMR, CMF, PCGF, FEFS, and FRB contributed to drafting the manuscript and/or critically revising the paper and intellectual content. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Camilla Matias da Rocha
    • 1
  • Priscila Camargo Granadeiro Farias
    • 2
  • Leonardo Gorza
    • 2
  • Filippe Elias de Freitas Soares
    • 3
    Email author
  • Carolina Magri Ferraz
    • 2
  • Ricardo Leandro Oliveira Souza
    • 2
  • Lucas Brazolino Siepierski Renon
    • 2
  • Fabio Ribeiro Braga
    • 2
  1. 1.Setor de Clínica e Cirurgia Hospital Veterinário Ricardo Alexandre HipplerUniversidade Vila VelhaVila VelhaBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratório de ClinicoUniversidade Vila VelhaVila VelhaBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratório de Patologia dos Invertebrados, Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde PúblicaUniversidade Federal de GoiásGoiâniaBrazil

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