Ellucidating the incidence and the prevalence of Schistosomiasis spp infection in riparian communities of the Bui dam
- 6 Downloads
The flow rate of rivers are affected when modifications are made for the benefit of mankind. Some man-made alterations carried out include dam construction. The aim of this study was to investigate the health impact of the Bui dam with respect to the prevalence and awareness level of schistosomiasis in a typical damming environment. The study was conducted in 4 riparian communities within the dam catchment area. A cross-sectional study design was employed to interview 350 individuals. Urine and stool samples were also collected from 386 participants. Results of the study showed that, knowledge of schistosomiasis was significantly greater in close communities (99.47%) than their far counterparts (50.29%) (p > 0.001; OR = 172). Schistosomiasis infection rate in the close communities (32.57%) were significantly greater in far communities (7.23%; p ≤ 0.0001). The overall prevalence of 82 (21.1%) was recorded for Schistosoma haematobium and 64 (16.1%) for Schistosoma mansoni. A significantly high prevalence of S. haematobium (43.3%) was found in the age group 15–24 with no prevalence reported for age group 5–9 (Close communities) (p = 0.012). When the same age group was further examined for S. mansonii, group 5–9 recorded a prevalence of 0% with age group 10–14 showing a high prevalence of 26.1% (p = 0.047). From the study, it was concluded that, though awareness level of Schistosomiasis knowledge on the cause, mode of transmission and symptoms were high, they were ignorant on personal preventive strategies. In addition, the study also revealed that, S. haematobium was more prevalent among inhabitants living closer to the Bui dam with children less than 14 years of age being the worst affected.
KeywordsBui dam Schistosomiasis Prevalence Awareness level Riparian community
We are grateful to the chiefs, opinion leaders and people of the study communities for their permission and willing participation for this study. We are also grateful to Dr Eric Ofosu Antwi for his immense support during data collection.
SFG conceived the idea of the study, assisted in the study design, analysed and interpreted data and wrote the discussion and conclusion. AAB wrote the introduction, collected field data, wrote methods and reported the results. EA assisted in shaping of the conceived the idea of the study and assisted in the study designed the experiment. EOA assisted in data collection and the preparation of the final manuscripts.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Akurugu BA, Zango MS, Abanyie SK, Ampofo S, Region UE (2015) Assessing the impact of a dam on the livelihood of surrounding communities: a case study of Vea dam in the upper east region of Ghana. J Environ Earth Sci 5(4):20–26Google Scholar
- Chivian E (ed) (2008) Biodiversity: its importance to human health. Interim executive summary. http://chge.med.harvard.edu/publications/documents/Biodiversity_v2_screen.pdf. Accessed 31 Aug 2008
- Clara J, Bourgeois D, Muller-Bolla M (2012) DMF from WHO basic methods to ICDAS II advanced methods: a systematic review of literature. Odontostomatol Trop Trop Dental J 35(139):5–11Google Scholar
- International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD) (2000) Dams and the environment: a viewpoint from the international commission on large dams. Irrigation Company of Upper Region (ICOUR) (1995). ICOUR Information Handbook, ICOUR Ltd, GhanaGoogle Scholar
- Isa Y, Modu AM, Naphtali RS (2015) A study on Schistosomiasis in three communities along Lake Alau, Konduga Local Government Area, Borno State, Nigeria. Int J Sci Technol 2:23–79Google Scholar
- Kabiru M, Ikeh EI, Aziah I, Julia O, Fabiyi JP, Muhamed RA (2013) Prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma haematobium infections: a community-based survey among school children and adults in Wmakko town, Sokoto State, Nigeria. Int J Trop Med Public Health 2(1):12–21Google Scholar
- Kuubeterero DP (2016) Post inundation effects of Bui hydro electric dam on the large mammals in the Bui National Park in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana. An M.Sc. Thesis, KNUSTGoogle Scholar
- Mewabo AP, Moyou RS, Kouemeni LE, Ngogang JY, Kaptue L, Tambo E (2017) Assessing the prevalence of urogenital Schistosomaisis and transmission risk factors amongst school-aged children around Mapé dam ecological suburbs in Malantouen district, Cameroon. Infect Dis Poverty 6(1):40. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40249-017-0257-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Midzi N, Mduluza T, Chimbari MJ, Tshuma C, Charimari L, Mhlanga G et al (2014) Distribution of Schistosomiasis and soil transmitted Helminthiasis in Zimbabwe: towards a national plan of action for control and elimination. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8(8):e3014. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0003014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Odhiambo GO, Musuva RM, Atuncha VO, Mutete ET, Odiere MR, Onyango RO et al (2014) Low levels of awareness despite high prevalence of Schistosomiasis among communities in Nyalenda informal settlement, Kisumu City, Western Kenya. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8(4):e2784. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002784 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ogbeide HE, Uyigue E (2004) Access to safe drinking water and schistosomiasis in Nigeria: survey on Ipogun Community, Ondo State of Nigeria. Submitted to the Society for Water and Public Health Protection (SWAPHEP)Google Scholar
- Pearson A (2004) Knowledge, attitudes and practices with regard to malaria control in an endemic rural area of Myanmar. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 35:53–62Google Scholar
- Poole H, Terlouw DJ, Naunje A, Mzembe K, Stanton M, Betson M, Lalloo DG, Stothard JR (2014) Schistosomiasis in pre-school aged children and their mothers in Chikhwawa district, Malawi with notes on characterisation of schistosomes and snails. Parasites Vectors 7:153. https://doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-7-153 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Reuben RC, Tanimu H, Musa JA (2013) Epidemiology of urinary schistosomiasis among secondary school students in Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. J Biol Agric Health 3(2):73–83Google Scholar
- Rollinson D, Simpson AJG (1987) The biology of Schistosomiasis. Academic Press Limited, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Rudge JW, Stothard JR, Basáñez MG, Mgeni AF, Khamis IS, Khamis AN, Rollinson D (2008) Micro-epidemiology of urinary schistosomiasis in Zanzibar: local risk factors associated with distribution of infections among schoolchildren and relevance for control. Actatropica 105(1):45–54Google Scholar
- Skinner J, Niasse M, Haas L (eds) (2009) Sharing the benefits of large dams in West Africa. Natural Resource Issues No. 19 International Institute for Environment and Development, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Ugbomoiko US, Dalumo V, Danladi YK, Heukelbach J, Ofoezie IE (2012) Concurrent urinary and intestinal schistosomiasis and intestinal helminthic infections in schoolchildren in Ilobu, South-western Nigeria. Actatropica 123(1):16–21Google Scholar
- World Commission on Dams (2000) Dams and development: a new framework for decision-making. The report of the World Commission on Dams. www.dams.org/report