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Ellucidating the incidence and the prevalence of Schistosomiasis spp infection in riparian communities of the Bui dam

  • Samuel Fosu GyasiEmail author
  • Abigail Antwiwaa Boateng
  • Esi Awuah
  • Eric Ofosu Antwi
Original Article
  • 6 Downloads

Abstract

The flow rate of rivers are affected when modifications are made for the benefit of mankind. Some man-made alterations carried out include dam construction. The aim of this study was to investigate the health impact of the Bui dam with respect to the prevalence and awareness level of schistosomiasis in a typical damming environment. The study was conducted in 4 riparian communities within the dam catchment area. A cross-sectional study design was employed to interview 350 individuals. Urine and stool samples were also collected from 386 participants. Results of the study showed that, knowledge of schistosomiasis was significantly greater in close communities (99.47%) than their far counterparts (50.29%) (p > 0.001; OR = 172). Schistosomiasis infection rate in the close communities (32.57%) were significantly greater in far communities (7.23%; p ≤ 0.0001). The overall prevalence of 82 (21.1%) was recorded for Schistosoma haematobium and 64 (16.1%) for Schistosoma mansoni. A significantly high prevalence of S. haematobium (43.3%) was found in the age group 15–24 with no prevalence reported for age group 5–9 (Close communities) (p = 0.012). When the same age group was further examined for S. mansonii, group 5–9 recorded a prevalence of 0% with age group 10–14 showing a high prevalence of 26.1% (p = 0.047). From the study, it was concluded that, though awareness level of Schistosomiasis knowledge on the cause, mode of transmission and symptoms were high, they were ignorant on personal preventive strategies. In addition, the study also revealed that, S. haematobium was more prevalent among inhabitants living closer to the Bui dam with children less than 14 years of age being the worst affected.

Keywords

Bui dam Schistosomiasis Prevalence Awareness level Riparian community 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to the chiefs, opinion leaders and people of the study communities for their permission and willing participation for this study. We are also grateful to Dr Eric Ofosu Antwi for his immense support during data collection.

Author’s contribution

SFG conceived the idea of the study, assisted in the study design, analysed and interpreted data and wrote the discussion and conclusion. AAB wrote the introduction, collected field data, wrote methods and reported the results. EA assisted in shaping of the conceived the idea of the study and assisted in the study designed the experiment. EOA assisted in data collection and the preparation of the final manuscripts.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Basic and Applied Biology, School of SciencesUniversity of Energy and Natural Resources (UENR)SunyaniGhana
  2. 2.Department of Energy and Environmental Engineering, School of EngineeringUniversity of Energy and Natural Resources (UENR)SunyaniGhana
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringKwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST)KumasiGhana

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