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Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 893–900 | Cite as

Assessment of the effect of Allium sativum on serum nitric oxide level and hepatic histopathology in experimental cystic echinococcosis in mice

  • Nehad Mahmoud Ali
  • Ayman Nabil Ibrahim
  • Naglaa Samier Ahmed
Original Article

Abstract

The current study was carried out to evaluate the prophylactic and therapeutic effects of Allium sativum on experimental cystic echinococcosis by measuring the serum nitric oxide level and studying hepatic histopathological changes. The experimental animals were divided into five groups, ten mice in each, group (I): prophylactic; group (II): therapeutic; group (III): prophylactic and therapeutic; group (IV): infected nontreated; group (V): non infected non treated. The results showed that serum nitric oxide was significantly increased as a result of infection in all infected groups compared to group V. Statistical significant difference was noted in serum nitrate level in group I at 1st and 8th week post infection compared to the same time interval in group IV. In group II, statistical significance was noticed only at the 1st week post infection. Statistical significant difference was noted in serum nitrate level in group III at 1st, 4th, 6th and 8th week post infection compared to same time interval in group IV. Hydatid cysts developed in livers of mice of group IV as early as 4 weeks of infection while no cysts were found in groups I,II and III. Histopathologically there were moderate pathological changes in group I and group II as hepatocytes showed moderate steatosis, moderate venous congestion and inflammatory cellular infiltrate with foci of degeneration and necrosis. While livers of mice of group III showed mild steatosis, mild venous congestion, mild inflammatory cellular infiltrate, no necrosis and no biliary hyperplasia. Accordingly, that garlic (Allium sativum) may be a promising phototherapeutic agent for cystic echinococcosis

Keywords

Cystic echinococcosis Allium sativum Garlic Nitric oxide Histopathology 

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nehad Mahmoud Ali
    • 1
  • Ayman Nabil Ibrahim
    • 1
  • Naglaa Samier Ahmed
    • 2
  1. 1.Parasitology Department, Faculty of MedicineAin-Shams UniversityCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Pathology Department, Faculty of MedicineAin-Shams UniversityCairoEgypt

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