Advertisement

Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 656–661 | Cite as

Seasonal prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in desi fowl (Gallus gallus domesticus) in and around Gannavaram, Andhra Pradesh

  • C. Sreedevi
  • Ch. Jyothisree
  • V. Rama Devi
  • P. Annapurna
  • L. Jeyabal
Original Article

Abstract

A study was carried out to know the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in desi fowl in and nearby villages of Gannavaram, Andhra Pradesh for a period of 1 year. Screening of 492 samples comprising faecal samples and gastrointestinal tracts from freshly slaughtered desi birds at local poultry shops and samples from post mortem examinations at NTR College of Veterinary Science, Gannavaram revealed 63.21 % of gastrointestinal parasites. Faecal samples were examined by floatation technique using salt solution and samples positive for coccidian oocysts were sporulated in 2.5 % potassium dichromate solution for species identification. Adult worms were identified after routine processing and mounting. The species identified includes Davainea proglottina, Raillietina cesticillus and Raillietina echinobothrida in cestodes (32.47 %), Ascaridia galli, Capillaria annulata, Heterakis gallinarum in nematodes (39.87 %), Eimeria tenella, Eimeria acervulina and Eimeria necatrix in Eimeria spp. (39.87 %). Ascaridia galli and R. cesticillus and A. galli and Eimeria spp. were common in mixed infection (12.86 %). Ascaridia galli was the more prevalent species. No trematode parasite was identified during the study period. Significant (p = 0.001) relationship between the seasonality and prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites was observed (χ2 = 17.46, df = 2). Data revealed high prevalence in rainy season (43.41 %) followed by summer (38.91 %) and winter (17.68 %) seasons for all parasites except for A. galli and C. annulata infections which were higher in summer season. Results indicated high prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in desi fowl in study area emphasizing the need of improved management practices of backyard poultry.

Keywords

Gastrointestinal parasites Desi fowl Prevalence Season 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author is thankful to the Associate Dean, College of Veterinary Science, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Gannavaram, for the facilities provided.

References

  1. Anwar AH, Hayat S, Hayat CS (1991) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitic fauna of indigenous and exotic layer chickens in and around Faisalabad. Pak Vet J 1:9–12Google Scholar
  2. Ashenafi H, Eshetu Y (2004) Study on gastrointestinal helminths of local chickens in Central Ethiopia. J Vet Med 155(10):504–507Google Scholar
  3. Bhowmik MK, Sinha PK (1983) Studies on the pathology of taeniasis in domestic fowl. Indian Vet J 60:6–8Google Scholar
  4. Bhowmik MK, Sasmal NK, Chakrborty AK (1982) Effect of Raillietina cesticillus infection on the meat and egg production of fowl. Indian Vet Med J 6(2):100–102Google Scholar
  5. Devada K, Sathianesan V (1989) Prevalence of Syngamus trachea infection in chicken in Kerala. J Vet Parasitol 3(2):135–137Google Scholar
  6. Dube S, Zindi P, Mbanga J, Dube C (2010) A study of scavenging poultry gastrointestinal and ecto-parasites in rural areas of Matebeleland Province, Zimbabwe. Department of Applied Biology and Biochemistry, National University of Science and Technology, Bulawayo. Int J Poultry Sci 9(9):911–915Google Scholar
  7. Hange RR, Raote YV, Jayraw AK (2007) Prevalence of helminth parasites in desi fowl (Gallus gallus domesticus) at Parbhani. J Parasit Dis 31(1):61–64Google Scholar
  8. Kaingu F, Kibor A, Shivairo R, Kutima H, Okeno T, Wayhenya R, Kahi AK (2010) Prevalence of gastro-intestinal helminthes and coccidia in indigenous chicken from different agro-climatic zones in Kenya. Afr J Agric Res 5(6):458–462Google Scholar
  9. Katoch R, Yadav A, Godara R, Khajuria JK, Borkataki S, Sodhi SS (2012) Prevalence and impact of gastrointestinal helminths on body weight gain in backyard chickens in subtropical and humid zone of Jammu, India. J Parasit Dis 36(1):49–52CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Magwisha H, Kassuku A, Kyvsgaard N, Permin A (2002) A comparison of the prevalence and burdens of helminth infections in growers and adult free range chickens. Trop Anim Health Prod 34(3):205–214CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Manaswini D (2007) Incidence of gastrointestinal helminths of desi fowls in Bhubaneswar area. Intas Polivet 8(1):200–201Google Scholar
  12. Mungube EO, Bauni SM, Tenhagen BA, Wamae LW, Nzoika SM, Muhammed L, Nginyi JM (2008) Prevalence of parasites of the local scavenging chickens in a selected semi-arid zone of Eastern Kenya. Trop Anim Health Prod 40:101–109CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Nandi PA, George SO (2010) A cross-sectional survey on parasites of chickens in selected villages in the sub humid zones of South-Eastern Nigeria. Department of Animal Health and Production, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, NigeriaGoogle Scholar
  14. Naphade ST, Chaudhari KV (2013) Studies on the seasonal prevalence of parasitic helminths in Gavran (desi) chickens from Marathwada region of Maharashtra. Int J Fauna Biological Studies 1(2):4–7Google Scholar
  15. Percy J, Pias M, Enetia BD, Lucia T (2012) Seasonality of parasitism in free range chickens from a selected ward of a rural district in Zimbabwe. Afr J Agric Res 7(25):3626–3631Google Scholar
  16. Permin A, Esmann JB, Hoj CH, Hove T, Mukaratirwa S (2002) Ecto-, endo-and haemoparasites in free-range chickens in the Goromonzi District in Zimbabwe. Prev Vet Med 54:213–224CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Petrie A, Watson P (2013) Statistics for veterinary and animal science, 1st edn. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, pp 101–109Google Scholar
  18. Pinckney RD, Coomansingh C, Bhaiyat MI, Chikweto A, Sharma R (2008) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in free-range poultry in Greneda, West Indies. West Indian Vet J 8(1):23–28Google Scholar
  19. Puttalakshmamma GC, Ananda KJ, Prathiush PR, Mamatha GS, Rao S (2008) Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites of poultry in and around Bangalore. Vet World 1(7):201–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Saif YM, Fadly AM, Glisson JR, McDonald LR, Nolan LK, Swayne EF (2008) Diseases of poultry, 8th edn. Blackwell Publication, London, pp 1025–1066Google Scholar
  21. Shah AH, Anwar A, Khan MN, Iqbal Z, Qudoos A (1999) Comparative studies on the prevalence of cestode parasites in indigenous and exotic layers at Faisalabad. Department of Veterinary Parasitology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. Int J Agri Biol 1(4):277–279Google Scholar
  22. Soomro F, Arijo AG, Bliqees FM, Phulan MS (2010) Ascarridia galli infections in local and exotic chickens in district Hyderabad. Proc Parasitol 50:85–90Google Scholar
  23. Soulsby EJL (1982) Helminth, arthopods and protozoa of domesticated animals, 7th edn. Bailliere Tindal and Cassell Ltd, London, pp 765–767Google Scholar
  24. Sundaram RK, Radhakrishnan CV, Padmanabha Iyer R (1962) A note on the common parasitic helminths of fowl in Kerala. Kerala Vet 1(1):17–21Google Scholar
  25. Yehualashet B (2011) A study on the prevalence of helminth parasites in free range (backyard) chicken in selected small holder farms in and around Haramaya. DVM thesis, College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University, EthiopiaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Sreedevi
    • 1
  • Ch. Jyothisree
    • 1
  • V. Rama Devi
    • 2
  • P. Annapurna
    • 2
  • L. Jeyabal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Parasitology, NTR College of Veterinary ScienceS.V. Veterinary UniversityGannavaramIndia
  2. 2.Department of Veterinary Pathology, NTR College of Veterinary ScienceS.V. Veterinary UniversityGannavaramIndia

Personalised recommendations