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Journal of Parasitic Diseases

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 586–590 | Cite as

Cystic echinococcosis is an occupational disease?

  • Mohammad Reza Youssefi
  • Sepide Mirshafiei
  • Zeinab Moshfegh
  • Norredin Soleymani
  • Mohammad Taghi Rahimi
Original Article

Abstract

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is considered as an occupational infection and among different careers greengroceries have a close contact with raw vegetables which can transmit eggs of Echinococcus granulosus. Therefore, the objective of this survey was to determine the seroprevalence of CE among greengroceries using ELISA test in Mazandaran and Gilan Provinces, northern Iran. Overall, 160 serum samples (60 male and 100 female) were collected from greengroceries in Mazandaran and Gilan Provinces, 2012. Sera were surveyed employing ELISA assay for diagnosis of CE. In addition, before sampling, a questionnaire was filled out for each subject. Seropositivity was 2.4 % (four cases) and females 1.8 % (three cases) were more positive compared to males 0.8 % (one case). Age group of 40–60 years encompassed the highest rate of positivity (1.8 %) and the least rate was in 20–40 years old age group (0 %). Besides, 1.8 % of seropositive subjects were dog owner, unaware of the disease and lives in rural areas. In conclusion, seroprevalence of cystic hydatid disease among greengroceries is relatively high in Mazandaran and Gilan Provinces. More continuous serological researches and preventive measures should be taken into consideration owing to the significance of the disease.

Keywords

Cystic echinococcosis Cestoda Serology ELISA Epidemiology Disease Iran 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We really appreciate Mazandaran Province Health Centre for their kind cooperation.

Conflict of interest

We declare that we have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Indian Society for Parasitology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Reza Youssefi
    • 1
  • Sepide Mirshafiei
    • 2
  • Zeinab Moshfegh
    • 2
  • Norredin Soleymani
    • 1
  • Mohammad Taghi Rahimi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary ParasitologyIslamic Azad UniversityBabolIran
  2. 2.Young Researcher ClubIslamic Azad UniversityBabolIran

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