Experimental Evaluation of the Lubrication Performance in MQL Grinding of Nano SiC Reinforced Al Matrix Composites
- 9 Downloads
Metal matrix composites (MMCs) are materials which have been extensively used in the aerospace and automobile industries and have been categorized as hard-to-machine materials.Lubricants participate a significant role in machining, particularly in the grinding process. As a effect of the rising require for environmental safety and the growing number of health problems faced by workers, traditional lubricants are gradually being replaced. This research evaluate the performance of MQL grinding of nano SiC reinforced Al matrix composites using SAE20W40, Cashew nut shell oil and nano Tio2 filled Cashew nut shell oil as base oils. Experiments for grindability study were approved on a horizontal spindle cylindrical grinding machine using Response Surface Methodology. In this research, the influences of n grinding parameters including wheel speed, work piece speed, depth of cut and wt% nano SiC have been considered on the basis of the grinding forces and temperature to develop optimum grinding narration such as lubrication, high biological and ecological safety. The result shows that the application of nano fluid leads to the reduction of tangential forces and grinding zone temperature. Surface integrity of machined surface were studied using Scanning electron microscopy (SEM).
KeywordsMinimum Quantity Lubrication (MQL) Grinding Cashew nut shell oil Nano SiC particles Nano TiO2 Variable frequency drive Infra-red thermometer
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 12.Li B, Li C, Zhang Y, Wang Y, Jia D, MinYang NZ, Wu Q, Han Z, Sun K (2017) Heat transfer performance of MQL grinding with different nanofluids for Ni-based alloys using vegetable oil. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.03.213
- 13.Singh RK, Sharma AK, Dixit AR, Tiwari AK, Pramanik A, Mandal A (2017) Performance evaluation of alumina -graphene hybrid nano - cutting fluid in hard turning. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.06.104
- 14.Li SGC, Zhang Y, Wang Y, Li B, Yang M, Zhang X, Liu G (2016) Experimental evaluation of the lubrication performance of mixtures of castor oil with other vegetable oils in MQL grinding of nickel-based alloy. J Clean Prod 140:1060–1076. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.10.073 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 16.Gajrani KK, Ram D, Ravi Sankar M (2017) Biodegradation and hard machining performance comparison of eco-friendly cutting fluid and mineral oil using flood cooling and minimum quantity cutting fluid techniques. J Clean Prod 165:1420–1435. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.07.217 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 17.Sani ASA, Rahim EBD, Sharif S, Sasahara H (2018, 2019) Machining performance of vegetable oil with phosphonium- and ammonium-based ionic liquids via MQL technique. J Clean Prod. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.317
- 22.Rajmohan T (2016) Experimental investigation and optimization of machining parameters in drilling of fly ash filled carbon fibre reinforced composites. Part Sci Technol:1–10Google Scholar
- 24.Baskar S, Sriram G, Arumugam S (2015) Fuzzy logic model to predict oil-film pressure in a hydrodynamic journal bearing lubricated under the influence of nano-based bio-lubricants– Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects 4:449–454Google Scholar
- 27.Vijayabhaskar S, Rajmohan T (2018) Experimental investigation and optimization of machining parameters in WEDM of Nano-SiC particles reinforced magnesium matrix composites. Silicon. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12633-017-9676-0
- 30.Thiagarajan C, Sivaramakrishnan R, Somasundaram S (2011) Cylindrical grinding of sic particles reinforced aluminium metal matrix composites. ARPN J Eng Appl Sci 6(1)Google Scholar
- 32.Jeevanantham s SNM, Robinson Smart DS, Nallusamy S, Manikanda Prabu N (2017) Effect of machining parameters on MRR and surface roughness in internal grinding using EN8, EN31 steel. Int J Appl Eng Res 12:2963–2968Google Scholar
- 35.Tiwari AK, Ghosh P, Sarkar J (2012) Investigation of thermal conductivity and viscosity of nanofluids. J Environ Res Dev 7(2):768–777Google Scholar