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Influence of Different Particle Sizes of Blast-Furnace Slag as a Fine Aggregate on Mechanical Strength and Abrasion Resistance of Concrete

  • Alaa M. RashadEmail author
  • Dina M. Sadek
Original Paper


This paper aims to study the effect of different particle sizes of granulated blast-furnace slag (GBFS) as a partial or full natural fine aggregate substitution in concretes with different water/cement (w/c) ratios. Natural sand fine aggregate was substituted with GBFS at ratios ranging from 25% to 100%, by weight. Two different particle sizes of GBFS (0.16 and 0.5 mm) and w/c ratios (0.5 and 0.6) were used. Workability, mechanical strength and abrasion resistance at ages ranging from 7 to 180 days were measured. The morphology of selected concrete samples were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results showed a negative effect of GBFS fine aggregate on the workability of concrete mixtures. The incorporation of GBFS as a fine aggregate in concretes may increase or decrease mechanical strength and abrasion resistance. This depending on its particle size as well as w/c ratio.


GBFS Fine aggregate substitution Mechanical strength Abrasion resistance 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Building Materials Research and Quality Control Institute, Housing & Building National Research Center (HBRC)CairoEgypt
  2. 2.Civil Engineering Department, College of EngineeringShaqra UniversityDawadmi, RiyadhSaudi Arabia

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