, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 1047–1053 | Cite as

Friction and Wear Behavior of AA 7075- Si3N4 Composites Under Dry Conditions: Effect of Sliding Speed

  • Mir Irfan Ul HaqEmail author
  • Ankush Anand
Original Paper


In this paper, the effect of sliding speed on tribological properties of AA7075-Si3N4 composites has been investigated. The tribological testing was carried on a unidirectional pin on disc tribometer at three different sliding speeds (1 m/s, 4 m/s, and 7 m/s) at a constant load of 30 N. The wear loss increased with an increase in speed and coefficient of friction decreased with an increase in speed. The morphologies of the worn samples were investigated by SEM and it was observed that in case of unreinforced alloy and lower concentrations (2 wt% and 4 wt%) delamination was the dominant wear mechanism and, in case of higher Si3N4content (8 wt%) abrasive wear was the dominant wear mechanism. Heavy plastic deformation and deeper grooves were observed in case of higher speeds. Mechanically Mixed Layer (MML) formation was also confirmed by EDS. The developed material could serve various high speed sliding wear applications in automotive sector.


Alumunium Wear Friction Composite 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.



The authors would like to thank the staff of Central Workshop, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University who extended their help during the course of sample fabrication. The help rendered by SAI Labs Patiala, Punjab (India) for the SEM and EDS is also acknowledged.


  1. 1.
    Green ML, Espinal L, Traversa E, Amis EJ (2012) Materials for sustainable development. MRS Bull 37:303–309CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Suresha S, Sridhara BK (2010) Effect of addition of graphite particulates on the wear behaviour in aluminium-silicon carbide-graphite composites. Mater Des 31:1804–1812CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gu D, Jue J, Dai D, Lin K, Chen W (2018) Effects of dry sliding conditions on wear properties of al-matrix composites produced by selective laser melting additive manufacturing. J Tribol 140:21605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bai Y, Guo Y, Li J, Yang Z, Tian J (2017) Effect of Al2O3 nanoparticle reinforcement on the mechanical and high-temperature tribological behavior of Al-7075 alloy. Proc Inst Mech Eng Part J J Eng Tribol 231:900–909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ebrahimzad P, Ghasempar M, Balali M (2017) Friction stir processing of aerospace aluminum alloy by addition of carbon nano tube. Trans Indian Inst Met 70:2241–2253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shanmughasundaram P (2015) Statistical analysis on influence of heat treatment, load and velocity on the dry sliding wear behavior of aluminium alloy 7075. Mater Phys Mech 118–124Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ruiz-Andrés M, Conde A, De Damborenea J, Garcia I (2015) Wear behavior of aluminum alloys at slow sliding speeds. Tribol Trans 58:955–962CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yang Z-R, Sun Y, Li X-X, Wang S-Q, Mao T-J (2015) Dry sliding wear performance of 7075 Al alloy under different temperatures and load conditions. Rare Met 1–6.
  9. 9.
    Rao TB (2017) An experimental investigation on mechanical and wear properties of Al7075/SiCp composites: effect of SiC content and particle size. J Tribol 140:31601–31608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Baradeswaran A, Elayaperumal A, Franklin Issac R (2013) A statistical analysis of optimization of wear behaviour of Al- Al 2O3 composites using taguchi technique. Procedia Eng 64(Elsevier):973–982CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Baradeswaran A, Elaya Perumal A (2013) Influence of B4C on the tribological and mechanical properties of Al 7075-B4C composites. Compos Part B Eng 54:146–1152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Baskaran S, Anandakrishnan V, Duraiselvam M (2014) Investigations on dry sliding wear behavior of in situ casted AA7075-TiC metal matrix composites by using Taguchi technique. Mater Des 60:184–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Michael Rajan HB, Ramabalan S, Dinaharan I, Vijay SJ (2014) Effect of TiB2 content and temperature on sliding wear behavior of AA7075/TiB2 in situ aluminum cast composites. Arch Civ Mech Eng 14:72–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    L Wu L Gu, Xie Z, C Zhang BS (2017) Improved tribological properties of Si3N4/GCr15 sliding pairs with few layer graphene as oil additives. Ceram Int 43:14218–14224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sharma N, Khanna R, Singh G, Kumar V (2016) Fabrication of 6061 aluminum alloy reinforced with Si3N4/n-Gr and its wear performance optimization using integrated RSM-GA. Part Sci Technol 0:1–11Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Suryanarayana RC, Khan S, Koppad PG, Khan Z (2013) Tribological behaviour of hot extruded Al6061-Si3N4 composite. In: ASME international mechanical engineering congress and exposition, pp V02AT02A050–V02AT02A050Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Arik H (2008) Effect of mechanical alloying process on mechanical properties of α-Si3N4 reinforced aluminum-based composite materials. Mater Des 29:1856–1861CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Shorowordi KM, Haseeb ASMA, Celis JP (2004) Velocity effects on the wear, friction and tribochemistry of aluminum MMC sliding against phenolic brake pad. Wear 256:1176–1181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Rao RN, Das S (2011) Effect of SiC content and sliding speed on the wear behaviour of aluminium matrix composites. Mater Des 32:1066–1071CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Basavarajappa S, Chandramohan G, Mahadevan A, Thangavelu M, Subramanian R, Gopalakrishnan P (2007) Influence of sliding speed on the dry sliding wear behaviour and the subsurface deformation on hybrid metal matrix composite. Wear 262:1007–1012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ul Haq MI, Anand A (2018) Dry sliding friction and wear behavior of AA7075-Si3N4 composite. Silicon.
  22. 22.
    Bowden FP, Persson PA (1961) Deformation, heating and melting of solids in high-speed friction. Proc R Soc Lond A: Math Phys Eng Sci 260:433–458CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Rao B, Shin YC (2001) Analysis on high-speed face-milling of 7075-T6 aluminum using carbide and diamond cutters. Int J Mach Tools Manuf 41:1763–1781CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ramesh CS, Khan ARA, Ravikumar N, Savanprabhu P (2005) Prediction of wear coefficient of Al6061-TiO2 composites. Wear 259(Elsevier):602–608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Mondal DP, Das S, Rao RN, Singh M (2005) Effect of SiC addition and running-in-wear on the sliding wear behaviour of Al-Zn-Mg aluminium alloy. Mater Sci Eng A 402:307–319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Chen WW, Wang QJ (2008) Thermomechanical analysis of elastoplastic bodies in a sliding spherical contact and the effects of sliding speed, heat partition, and thermal softening. J Tribol 130:41402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Sahin Y, Murphy S (1998) The effect of sliding speed and microstructure on the dry wear properties of metal-matrix composites. Wear 214:98–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zhang ZF, Zhang LC, Mai Y-W (1995) Particle effects on friction and wear of aluminium matrix composites. J Mater Sci 30:5999–6004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Kim HJ, Emge A, Karthikeyan S, Rigney DA (2005) Effects of tribooxidation on sliding behavior of aluminum. Wear 259:501–505. (Elsevier)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Mahmoud ERI, Takahashi M, Shibayanagi T, Ikeuchi K (2010) Wear characteristics of surface-hybrid-MMCs layer fabricated on aluminum plate by friction stir processing. Wear 268:1111–1121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ahlatci H, Kocer T, Candan E, Çimenoglu H (2006) Wear behaviour of Al/(Al2 O 3 p + SiC p) hybrid composites. Tribol Int 39:213–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Devaraju A, Kumar A, Kumaraswamy A, Kotiveerachari B (2013) Influence of reinforcements (SiC and Al 2 O 3) and rotational speed on wear and mechanical properties of aluminum alloy 6061-T6 based surface hybrid composites produced via friction stir processing. Mater Des 51:331–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringShri Mata Vaishno Devi UniversityKatraIndia

Personalised recommendations