Advertisement

Silicon

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 1099–1105 | Cite as

Silicon Complexes from Rice Husk: Synthesis, Crystal Structure, and Properties of 1,2-bis-Silatranyloxyethane

  • Alexander E. PanasenkoEmail author
  • Andrey V. Gerasimenko
  • Arseny B. Sloboduk
  • Pavel S. Dmitrenok
  • Nina A. Didenko
  • Nikolay P. Shapkin
Original Paper
  • 30 Downloads

Abstract

The growing demand for non-toxic and relatively inexpensive ways to obtain organosilicon compounds has led to increasing researches on silicon-containing plant raw materials, especially rice husk. The main purpose of this work was to obtain silicon complexes directly from rice husk. A new convenient method to obtain a product containing silatrane fragments from rice husk biomass and triethanolamine in one step was elaborated using ethylene glycol as the solvent. Pure crystalline 1,2-bis(1-silatranyloxy)ethane N(CH2CH2O)3SiOCH2CH2OSi(OCH2CH2)3N, 3 and silatrane-containing products were synthesized from rice husk and triethanolamine in ethylene glycol media, using preliminary alkaline extraction of silica from rice husk followed by acid precipitation. The obtained products were characterized by LDI mass spectroscopy, 1H, 13C, and 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance, FTIR, thermogravimetric, and differential thermal analysis. Whereas complex 3 is stable pure crystalline substance, the next step was to determine its crystal structure, which was done by X-ray diffraction. The X-ray study showed that the crystal structure of 3 is built of centrosymmetric binuclear molecules, and the dioxoethane group is a bridge connecting two silatrane groups.

Keywords

Silatrane 1, 2-bis(1-silatranyloxy)ethane Crystal structure Silica Rice husk 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work was financially supported by grants of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (within the project 4.1517.2014/ Open image in new window ). The authors are grateful to the Far Eastern Center of Structural Research for performing the X-ray investigation.

References

  1. 1.
    Yoo BR, Jung IN (2004) Adv Organomet Chem 50:145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Acker J, Bohmhammel K (2008) J Organomet Chem 693:2483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yeon SH, Han JS, Yoo BR, Jung IN (1996) J Organomet Chem 516:91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kansal P, Laine RM, Babonneau F (1997) J Am Ceram Soc 80:2597CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cheng H, Laine RM (1999) New J Chem 23:1181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cheng H, Tamaki R, Laine RM, Babonneau F, Chujo Y, Treadwell DR (2000) J Am Chem Soc 122:10063CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kemmit T, Henderson W (1998) Aust J Chem 51:1031CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Charoenpinijkarn W, Suwankruhasn M, Kesapabutr B, Wongkasemjit S, Jamieson AM (2001) Eur Polym J 37:1441CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zemnukhova LA, Egorov AG, Fedorishcheva GA, Barinov NN, Sokol’nitskaya TA, Botsul AI (2006) Inorg Mat 42:24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wang W, Martin JC, Huang R, Huang W, Liu A, Han A, Sun L (2012) RSC Adv 2:9036CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Voronkov MG, Dyakov VM, Kirpichenko SV (1982) J Organomet Chem 233:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    STOE, WinXpow, STOE & CIE GmbH, Hilpertstraße 10, 64295 Darmstadt (2008)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Favre-Nicolin V, Cerny R (2002) J Appl Cryst 35:734CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Petricek V, Dusek M, Palatinus L (2014) Z Kristallogr 229:345Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Iler RK (1979) The chemistry of silica: solubility, polymerization, colloid and surface properties and biochemistry of silica. A Wiley-Interscience Publication, New York–Chichester–Brisbano–TorontoGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zemnukhova LA, Nikolenko YM (2011) Russ J Gen Chem 81:694CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Voronkov MG, Zelchan GI, Tsybulya GF, Urtane IP (1975) Chem Heterocycl Compd 6:656CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Piboonchaisit P, Wongkasemjit S, Laine RM (1999) ScienceAsia 25:113CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Far-Eastern Federal UniversityVladivostokRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Chemistry, Far-Eastern BranchRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia
  3. 3.G.B. Elyakov Pacific Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Far-Eastern BranchRussian Academy of SciencesVladivostokRussia

Personalised recommendations