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Electrical stimulation test for epidural catheter placement after receiving intrathecal local anesthetic during a combined spinal-epidural technique for Cesarean delivery: confirmation of the spinal nerve root as epidural site of action

  • Malcolm Stewart
  • Brendan Carvalho
  • Ban C. H. TsuiEmail author
Correspondence
  • 15 Downloads

Notes

Conflicts of interest

Dr. Tsui is the inventor of the Epidural Stimulation Test.

Funding statement

None.

Editorial responsibility

This submission was handled by Dr. Hilary P. Grocott, Editor-in-Chief, Canadian Journal of Anesthesia.

References

  1. 1.
    Balki M, Malavade A, Ye XY, Tharmaratnam U. Epidural electrical stimulation test versus local anesthetic test dose for thoracic epidural catheter placement: a prospective observational study. Can J Anesth 2019; 66: 380-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Carvalho JC, Khemka R, Loke J, Tsui BC. Low-dose intrathecal local anesthetic does not increase the threshold current for the epidural stimulation test: a prospective observational trial of neuraxial analgesia in labouring women. Can J Anesth 2015; 62: 265-70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Bloom SL, Spong CY, Weiner SJ, et al. Complications of anesthesia for cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol 2005; 106: 281-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Booth JM, Pan JC, Ross VH, Russell GB, Harris LC, Pan PH. Combined spinal epidural technique for labor analgesia does not delay recognition of epidural catheter failures: a single-center retrospective cohort survival analysis. Anesthesiology 2016; 125: 516-24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative, and Pain MedicineStanford UniversityPalo AltoUSA

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