Advertisement

Adsorption recovery of Ag(I) and Au(III) from an electronics industry wastewater on a clay mineral composite

  • Youness Rakhila
  • Abdellah Elmchaouri
  • Allal Mestari
  • Sophia Korili
  • Meriem Abouri
  • Antonio GilEmail author
Article
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

The aim of this work is to investigate the ability of an adsorbent of a clay mineral composite to remove and recover gold and silver ions from wastewater. The composite was prepared by mixing phosphogypsum (PG), obtained from an industrial waste, and a natural clay mineral. The materials were characterized before and after use in adsorption by several techniques. Batch adsorption experiments were carried out, and the effects of the contact time and the pH and temperature of solution on the removal processes were investigated. The optimum pH for the adsorption was found to be 4. The adsorption of these metal ions reached equilibrium after 2 h of contact. The pseudo-first- and the pseudo-second-order kinetic models, as well as the Freundlich and the Langmuir isotherm equations, were considered to describe the adsorption results. The maximum adsorbed amount of 85 mg·g−1 Ag(I) and 108.3 mg·g−1 Au(III) was found. The recovery of the adsorbed gold and silver ions from the adsorbent was also analyzed. Strong acids appeared to be the best desorption agents to recover gold and silver ions. The use of aqua regia gave regeneration rates close to 95.3% and 94.3% for Ag(I) and Au(III), respectively. Finally, the removal of gold and silver ions from an industrial wastewater was tested in batch experiments, and percentage recoveries of 76.5% and 79.9% for Ag(I) and Au(III), respectively, were obtained. To carry out the industrial application of the proposed methodology, an economic viability study is required.

Keywords

adsorption clay composite industrial wastewater gold silver 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

Acknowledgement

Gil thanks Santander Bank for funding through the Research Intensification Program.

References

  1. [1]
    I. De La Calle, F. Pena-Pereira, N. Cabaleiro, I. Lavilla, and C. Bendicho, Ion pair-based dispersive liquid-liquid micro-extraction for gold determination at ppb level in solid samples after ultrasound-assisted extraction and in waters by electrothermal-atomic absorption spectrometry, Talanta, 84(2011), No. 1, p. 109.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    M.A.Z. Abidin, A.A. Jalil, S. Triwahyono, S.H. Adam, and N.H.N. Kamarudin, Recovery of gold(III) from an aqueous solution onto a durio zibethinus husk, Biochem. Eng. J., 54(2011), No. 2, p. 124.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    H. Ghassabzadeh, A. Mohadespour, M. Torab-Mostaedi, P. Zaheri, M.G. Maragheh, and H. Taheri, Adsorption of Ag, Cu and Hg from aqueous solutions using expanded perlite, J. Hazard. Mater., 177(2010), No. 1–3, p. 950.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    C.P. Gomes, M.F. Almeida, and J.M. Loureiro, Gold recovery with ion exchange used resins, Sep. Purif. Technol., 24(2001), No. 1–2, p. 35.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    R. Al-Merey, Z. Hariri, and J.A. Hilal, Selective separation of gold from iron ore samples using ion exchange resin, Microchem. J., 75(2003), No. 3, p. 169.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    F.J. Alguacil, P. Adeva, and M. Alonso, Processing of residual gold(III) solutions via ion exchange, Gold Bull., 38(2005), No. 1, p. 9.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    G.A. Kordosky, J.M. Sierakoski, M.J. Virnig, and P.L. Mattison, Gold solvent extraction from typical cyanide leach solutions, Hydrometallurgy, 30(1992), No. 1–3, p. 291.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Y.C. Chang and D.H. Chen, Recovery of gold(III) ions by a chitosancoated magnetic nano-adsorbent, Gold Bull., 39(2006), No. 3, p. 98.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    H. El Bakouri, J. Usero, J. Morillo, R. Rojas, and A. Ouassini, Drin pesticides removal from aqueous solutions using acid-treated date stones, Bioresour. Technol., 100(2009), No. 10, p. 2676.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    M. Ahram, H.N. Bhatti, M. Iqbal, S. Noreen, and S. Sadaf, Biocomposite efficiency for Cr(VI) adsorption: Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamics studies, J. Environ. Chem. Eng., 5(2017), No. 1, p. 400.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    A. Kausar, G. MacKinnon, A. Alharthi, J. Hargreaves, H.N. Bhatti, and M. Iqbal, A green approach for the removal of Sr(II) from aqueous media: Kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamics studies, J. Mol. Liq., 257(2018), p. 164.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    E. Antunes, M.V. Jacob, G. Brodie, and P.A. Schneider, Silver removal from aqueous solution by biochar produced from biosolids via microwave pyrolysis, J. Environ. Manage., 203(2017), p. 264.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    M.L. Cantuaria, A.F. de Almeida Neto, E.S. Nascimento, and M.G. Vieira, Adsorption of silver from aqueous solution onto pre-treated bentonite clay: complete batch system evaluation, J. Cleaner Prod., 112(2016), p. 1112.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    C. Jeon, Adsorption behavior of silver ions from industrial wastewater onto immobilized crab shell beads, J. Ind. Eng. Chem, 32(2015), p. 195.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    C. Jeon, Adsorption and recovery of immobilized coffee ground beads for silver ions from industrial wastewater, J. Ind. Eng. Chem, 53(2017), p. 261.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    A. Sarı and M. Tüzen, Adsorption of silver from aqueous solution onto raw vermiculite and manganese oxide-modified vermiculite, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 170(2013), p. 155.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    T. Wajima, Synthesis of zeolitic material from green tuff stone cake and its adsorption properties of silver(I) from aqueous solution, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 233(2016), p. 154.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    H.M. Al-Saidi, The fast recovery of gold(III) ions from aqueous solutions using raw date pits: Kinetic, thermodynamic and equilibrium studies, J. Saudi Chem. Soc., 20(2016), No. 6, p. 615.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    M. Soleimani and T. Kaghazchi, Adsorption of gold ions from industrial wastewater using activated carbon derived from hard shell of apricot stones-An agricultural waste, Bioresour. Technol., 99(2008), No. 13, p. 5374.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    R. Pérez-López, A.M. Álvarez-Valero, and J.M. Nieto, Changes in mobility of toxic elements during the production of phosphoric acid in the fertilizer industry of Huelva (SW Spain) and environmental impact of phosphogypsum wastes, J. Hazard. Mater., 148(2007), No. 3, p. 745.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    N. Değirmenci, Utilization of phosphogypsum as raw and calcined material in manufacturing of building products, Constr. Build. Mater, 22(2008), No. 8, p. 1857.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    H. Tayibi, M. Choura, F.A. Lopez, F.J. Alguacil, and A. López-Delgado, Environmental impact and management of phosphogypsum, J. Environ. Manage., 90(2009), No. 8, p. 2377.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    S.K. Sahu, P.Y. Ajmal, R.C. Bhangare, M. Tiwari, and G.G. Pandit, Natural radioactivity assessment of a phosphate fertilizer plant area, J. Radiat. Res. Appl. Sci., 7(2014), No. 1, p. 123.Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    J.K. Yang, W.C. Liu, L.L. Zhang, and B. Xiao, Preparation of load-bearing building materials from autoclaved phosphogypsum, Constr. Build. Mater., 23(2009), No. 2, p. 687.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    I.A. Altun and Y. Sert, Utilization of weathered phosphogypsum as set retarder in Portland cement, Cem. Concr. Res., 34(2004), No. 4, p. 677.Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    T. Kuryatnyk, C.A. da Luz, J. Ambroise, and J. Pera, Valorization of phosphogypsum as hydraulic binder, J. Hazard. Mater., 160(2008), No. 2–3, p. 681.Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    D. Parajuli, C.R. Adhikari, H. Kawakita, K. Kajiyama, K. Ohto, and K. Inoue, Reduction and accumulation of Au(III) by grape waste: A kinetic approach, React. Funct. Polym., 68(2008), No. 8, p. 1194.Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    T. Ogata and Y. Nakano, Mechanisms of gold recovery from aqueous solutions using a novel tannin gel adsorbent synthesized from natural condensed tannin, Water Res., 39(2005), No. 18, p. 4281.Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    S.K. Lagergren, About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances, Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar, 24(1898), No. 4, p. 1.Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    Y.S. Ho, Review of second-order models for adsorption systems, J. Hazard. Mater., 136(2006), No. 3, p. 681.Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    A.E. Vasu, Adsorption of Ni(II), Cu(II) and Fe(III) from aqueous solutions using activated carbon, J. Chem., 5(2008), No. 1, p. 1.Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    I. Langmuir, The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 40(1918), No. 9, p. 1361.Google Scholar
  33. [33]
    H. Freundlich, Üeber die Adsorption in Löesungen, Z. Phys. Chem., 57(1907), No. 1, p. 385.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© University of Science and Technology Beijing and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Youness Rakhila
    • 1
  • Abdellah Elmchaouri
    • 1
  • Allal Mestari
    • 1
  • Sophia Korili
    • 2
  • Meriem Abouri
    • 1
  • Antonio Gil
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Laboratoire de Chimie Physique et de Chimie BioorganiqueUniversité Hassan II de CasablancaMohammediaMorocco
  2. 2.INAMAT-Science Department, Los Acebos BuildingPublic University of Navarra, Campus of ArrosadiaPamplonaSpain

Personalised recommendations