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The journal of nutrition, health & aging

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 105–110 | Cite as

Establishing an Operational Definition of Sarcopenia in Australia and New Zealand: Delphi Method Based Consensus Statement

  • J. Zanker
  • D. Scott
  • E. M. Reijnierse
  • S. L. Brennan-Olsen
  • R. M. Daly
  • C. M. Girgis
  • M. Grossmann
  • A. Hayes
  • T. Henwood
  • V. Hirani
  • C. A. Inderjeeth
  • S. Iuliano
  • J. W. L. Keogh
  • J. R. Lewis
  • A. B. Maier
  • J. A. Pasco
  • S. Phu
  • K. M. Sanders
  • M. Sim
  • R. Visvanathan
  • D. L. Waters
  • S. C. Y. Yu
  • Gustavo DuqueEmail author
  • Australian and New Zealand Society for Sarcopenia and Frailty Research Task Force on Diagnostic Criteria for Sarcopenia
Article

Abstract

Background

Globally there are several operational definitions for sarcopenia, complicating clinical and research applications.

Objective

The objective of the Australian and New Zealand Society for Sarcopenia and Frailty Research (ANZSSFR) Task Force on Diagnostic Criteria for Sarcopenia was to reach consensus on the operational definition of sarcopenia for regional use by clinicians and researchers.

Method

A four-Phase modified Delphi process was undertaken in which 24 individuals with expertise or a recognised interest in sarcopenia from different fields across Australia and New Zealand were invited to be Task Force members. An initial face-to-face meeting was held in Adelaide, South Australia, in November 2017, followed by two subsequent online Phases conducted by electronic surveys. A final Phase was used to approve the final statements. Responses were analysed using a pre-specified strategy. The level of agreement required for consensus was 80%.

Results

In Phase 2, 94.1% of Task Force respondents voted in favour of adopting an existing operational definition of sarcopenia. In Phase 3, 94.4% of respondents voted in favour of adopting the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) definition as the operational definition for sarcopenia in Australia and New Zealand.

Conclusion

With consensus achieved, the ANZSSFR will adopt, promote and validate the EWGSOP operational definition of sarcopenia for use by clinicians and researchers in Australia and New Zealand.

Key words

Sarcopenia definition consensus delphi 

Supplementary material

12603_2018_1113_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (34 kb)
Appendix 1. Different Operational Definitions of Sarcopenia
12603_2018_1113_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (50 kb)
Appendix 2. Reference list circulated to Task Force prior to Phase 1.
12603_2018_1113_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (197 kb)
Appendix 3. Minutes from Phase 1 Face-to-Face Meeting in Adelaide
12603_2018_1113_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (62 kb)
Appendix 4. Second-round Questionnaire (2RQ)
12603_2018_1113_MOESM5_ESM.pdf (59 kb)
Appendix 5. Third-round Questionnaire (3RQ)

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Copyright information

© Serdi and Springer-Verlag France SAS, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Zanker
    • 1
    • 2
  • D. Scott
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • E. M. Reijnierse
    • 4
  • S. L. Brennan-Olsen
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. M. Daly
    • 5
  • C. M. Girgis
    • 6
  • M. Grossmann
    • 7
  • A. Hayes
    • 1
    • 2
    • 8
  • T. Henwood
    • 9
    • 10
  • V. Hirani
    • 11
    • 12
    • 13
  • C. A. Inderjeeth
    • 14
  • S. Iuliano
    • 7
  • J. W. L. Keogh
    • 15
    • 16
    • 17
  • J. R. Lewis
    • 18
    • 19
  • A. B. Maier
    • 4
    • 20
  • J. A. Pasco
    • 2
    • 21
    • 22
  • S. Phu
    • 1
    • 2
  • K. M. Sanders
    • 2
  • M. Sim
    • 18
  • R. Visvanathan
    • 23
    • 24
  • D. L. Waters
    • 25
  • S. C. Y. Yu
    • 23
    • 24
  • Gustavo Duque
    • 1
    • 2
    • 26
  • Australian and New Zealand Society for Sarcopenia and Frailty Research Task Force on Diagnostic Criteria for Sarcopenia
  1. 1.Australian Institute for Musculoskeletal Science (AIMSS)The University of Melbourne and Western HealthSt. AlbansAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Medicine - Western HealthThe University of MelbourneSt. AlbansAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Medicine, School of Clinical Sciences at Monash HealthMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia
  4. 4.Department of Medicine and Aged Care, @AgeMelbourne, The Royal Melbourne HospitalThe University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia
  5. 5.Institute for Physical Activity and NutritionDeakin UniversityGeelong, MelbourneAustralia
  6. 6.Departments of Endocrinology, Royal North Shore and Westmead HospitalsUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  7. 7.Department of Medicine, Department of EndocrinologyThe University of Melbourne, Austin HealthMelbourneAustralia
  8. 8.Institute for Health and SportVictoria UniversityFootscrayAustralia
  9. 9.Southern Cross Care South Australia and Northern TerritoryParksideAustralia
  10. 10.Human Movement and Nutritional ScienceUniversity of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  11. 11.Nutrition and Dietetics Group, School of Life and Environmental Sciences Charles Perkins CentreUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  12. 12.Centre for Education and Research on AgeingUniversity of Sydney and Ageing, Ageing and Alzheimer’s Institute, Ageing and Alzheimer’s Institute, Concord HospitalSydneyAustralia
  13. 13.The ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR)University of New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  14. 14.North Metropolitan Health Service & University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  15. 15.Faculty of Health Sciences and MedicineBond UniversityRobinaAustralia
  16. 16.Human Potential CentreAUT UniversityAucklandNew Zealand
  17. 17.Cluster for Health Improvement, Faculty of Science, Health, Education and EngineeringUniversity of the Sunshine CoastSippy DownsAustralia
  18. 18.School of Medical and Health SciencesEdith Cowan UniversityJoondalup, PerthAustralia
  19. 19.School of Public HealthUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  20. 20.Department of Human Movement Sciences, @AgeAmsterdam, Amsterdam Movement SciencesVrije UniversiteitAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  21. 21.Epi-Centre for Healthy AgeingDeakin UniversityGeelongAustralia
  22. 22.Department of Epidemiology and Preventive MedicineMonash UniversityMelbourneAustralia
  23. 23.Aged & Extended Care Services, Medical Directorate, The Queen Elizabeth HospitalCentral Adelaide Local Health NetworkAdelaideAustralia
  24. 24.National Health and Medical Council Centre of Research Excellence Trans-Disciplinary Frailty Research To Achieve Health Aging and the Adelaide Geriatrics Training and Research with Aged Care (GTRAC) Centre, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health SciencesUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  25. 25.University of Otago, Department of Medicine and School of PhysiotherapyDunedinNew Zealand
  26. 26.Australian Institute for Musculoskeletal Science (AIMSS)St. AlbansAustralia

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