Our specific objectives were to determine the concentrations of heavy metals (Cadmium, Lead, Arsenic, Mercury, Zinc, copper, Manganese and Cobalt) in the liver, gill, kidney and muscles of two economically important fish species, namely, Cyprinus carpio and Chelon aurata, from the Caspian Sea, as well as to examine the potential human health risks to fish consumers. Health risks associated with these heavy metals were assessed based on the target hazard quotients (THQs), Hazard index (HI) and Estimation of Daily Intake (EDI). The distribution pattern of Hg, As, Cd, Pb, Mn, Co, Cu and Zn in both fish species follows the order liver > gill > kidney > muscle. THQ and HI values determined for consumption of the two fish species were < 1 and EDI and EWI values were found to be below the PTDI and PTWI reference values. These findings indicated that the intake of metals via consumption of the muscles of both fish species does not represent an appreciable hazard to humans.
Metals Caspian Sea Cyprinus carpioChelon aurata
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
This paper was extracted from a research project with the code of 84/5-1-51 that financially supported by Malayer University of Iran. H. Alipour, and F. Majnouni conceived and designed the research. H. Alipour, and F. Majnouni, and E. Solgi performed the research. E. Solgi analyzed the data and wrote the paper.
Afonso A, Gutiérrez ÁJ, Lozano G, González-Weller D, Lozano-Bilbao E, Rubio C, Caballero JM, Revert C, Hardisson A (2018) Metals in Diplodus sargus cadenati and Sparisoma cretense—a risk assessment for consumers. Environ Sci Pollut R 25(3):2630–2642. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-0697-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Çulha ST, Yabanl M, Baki B, Yozukmaz A 2016 Heavy metals in tissues of scorpionfish (Scorpaena porcus) caught from Black Sea (Turkey) and potential risks to human health. Environ Sci Pollut R 23(20):20882–20892CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miri M, Akbari E, Amrane A, Jafari SJ, Eslami H, Hoseinzadeh E, Zarrabi M, Salimi J, Sayyad-Arbabi M, Taghavi M 2017 Health risk assessment of heavy metal intake due to fish consumption in the Sistan region, Iran. Environ Monit Assess 189(11):583. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-017-6286-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nicolaus EEM, Barry J, Bolam TPC, Lorance P, Marandel F, Sophy R. McCully Phillips SRM, Neville S, Ellis JR (2017) Concentrations of mercury and other trace elements in two offshore skates: sandy ray Leucoraja circularis and shagreen ray L. fullonica. Mar Pollut Bull 123:387–394. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.08.054CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wang X, Liu X, He Y, Hu X, Zha F, Liu G, Li H, Zheng L, Dong Z 2016 Seasonal variations and health risk of heavy metals in the muscle of Crucian carp (Carassius auratus) cultured in subsidence ponds near Suzhou, East-Central China. Expos Health 8(1):79–91. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s12403-015-0184-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar