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Ocean Science Journal

, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp 707–718 | Cite as

Seasonal Shift in Community Structure of Periphytic Ciliates in Estuarine Waters in the Northern Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh

  • Mamun Abdullah Al
  • Rahman Muhammed Forruq
  • Aysha Akhtar
  • Md. Wahidul Alam
  • Mohammad Nurul Azim Sikder
  • Alan Warren
  • Henglong Xu
Article
  • 40 Downloads

Abstract

To investigate the seasonal heterogeneity of the periphytic ciliate communities, a 1-year baseline survey was conducted in the Karnaphuli River estuary, northern Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh. A total of 54 ciliate species were recorded, including seven common and 14 dominant species. Maximum species number was in autumn whereas maximum abundance was in winter; the minimum for both occurred in summer. Multivariate analyses, i.e., canonical analysis of principal coordinates (CAP) and principal co-ordinates analysis (PCoA), revealed a clear seasonal heterogeneity of community structure and environmental variables. Multivariate correlation analysis (RELATE) demonstrated that the community structure of the periphytic ciliate communities was significantly correlated with environmental variables, and best matching analysis (BIOENV) indicated that heterogeneity of community patterns was mainly driven by water temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, total dissolved solids and nutrients. Species richness and diversity peaked in autumn whereas species evenness peaked in summer. These results suggest that environmental conditions shape periphytic ciliate community structure, which is a potentially useful bio-indicator of estuarine water quality.

Keywords

community structure estuarine habitats Northern Bay of Bengal periphytic ciliates seasonal heterogeneity 

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Copyright information

© Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology (KIOST) and the Korean Society of Oceanography (KSO) and Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mamun Abdullah Al
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rahman Muhammed Forruq
    • 2
    • 3
  • Aysha Akhtar
    • 2
  • Md. Wahidul Alam
    • 2
  • Mohammad Nurul Azim Sikder
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alan Warren
    • 4
  • Henglong Xu
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Microbial EcologyOcean University of ChinaQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Faculty of Marine Sciences and FisheriesUniversity of ChittagongChittagongBangladesh
  3. 3.College of FisheriesOcean University of ChinaQingdaoChina
  4. 4.Department of Life SciencesNatural History MuseumLondonUK

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