Advertisement

First record of the invasive Bondar’s nesting whitefly, Paraleyrodes bondari Peracchi on coconut from India

  • A. JosephrajkumarEmail author
  • Chandrika Mohan
  • Merin Babu
  • Arya Krishna
  • V. Krishnakumar
  • Vinayaka Hegde
  • P. Chowdappa
Article
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

First incidence of the neotropical invasive Bondar’s Nesting Whitefly (BNW), Paraleyrodes bondari Peracchi (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in India is reported on coconut palms from Kerala. P. bondari constructs unique woolly wax nests on abaxial surface of palm leaflets and possesses “X”-shaped oblique greyish bands on wings. Presence of flower-petal like ovoid facets on abdominal compound pores (33–35 μm) of the puparium and conspicuous single dorsal and ventral horn with a pair of apicolateral processes on the adult male aedeagus confirms the typical morphological identification features. Partial mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase 1 sequences (675 bp) from the Indian specimens shared 100% nucleotide identity with BNW, thus confirming its identity as P. bondari. Co-existence of P. bondari and Aleurodicus rugioperculatus on coconut palms indicate probable simultaneous introduction of both these pests from the New World. The polyphagous nature of the non-native BNW warrants stringent quarantine protocols to prevent its further spread to other coconut growing areas.

Keywords

Aleurodicus rugioperculatus Neotropical region Quarantine pests Bio-invasion 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors thank Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi for the grant in aid through ICAR-CPCRI Institutional Project and Smt. Preetha and Ms. Reshmi for their assistance in insect collection and processing of specimens. The authors wholeheartedly thank Dr. J. Poorani, Principal Scientist, ICAR-NRCB, Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu for critically reviewing the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors.

References

  1. Altschul, S. F., Gush, W., Miller, W., Myers, W., & Lipman, D. J. (1990). Basic local alignment search tool. Journal of Molecular Biology, 21, 403–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Benson, D. A., Boguski, M. S., Lipman, D. J., Ostell, J., Ouellette, B. F., Rapp, B. A., & Wheeler, D. L. (1999). GenBank. Nucleic Acids Research, 27, 12–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chandrika Mohan, Rajan, P., & Nair, C. P. R. (2007). Incidence of whitefly (Aleurocanthus arecae David) on coconut foliage. Journal of Plantation Crops, 35(2), 119–121.Google Scholar
  4. Chandrika Mohan, Josephrajkumar, A., Merin Babu, Prathibha, P.S., Krishnakumar, V., Vinayaka Hegde, & Chowdappa, P. (2017). Invasive rugose spiralling whitefly on coconut. Technical Bulletin No. 117, Centenary series 60. ICAR-CPCRI, Kasaragod , p 16.Google Scholar
  5. Chandrika Mohan, Josephrajkumar, A., Singh, L. S., & Das, A. (2018). New distributional record of rugose spiralling whitefly on coconut in Kamrup and Nalbari districts of Assam. Indian Coconut Journal, 61(4), 19–21.Google Scholar
  6. David, V. (2012). The whitefly or mealywing bugs- bio-ecology, host specificity and management. LAP Lambert Academic Publishing Gmbh& Co, KG, Germany, 411 p.Google Scholar
  7. Dickey, A. M., Stocks, I. C., Smith, T., Osborne, L., & McKenzie, C. L. (2015). DNA barcode development for three recent exotic whitefly (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) invaders in Florida. Florida Entomologist, 9, 473–478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Evans, G.A. (2007). The whiteflies (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) of the world and their host plants and natural enemies. Version 2007-06-11, USDA/ Animal Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), 703 pp. http://keys.lucidcentral.org/keys/v3/whitefly/PDF_PwP%20ETC/world-whiteflycatalog-Evans.pdf – searched on 13 December 2018.
  9. Folmer, O., Black, M., Hoeh, W., Lutz, R., & Vrijenhoek, R. (1994). DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Molecular Marine Biology and Biotechnology, 3(5), 294–299.Google Scholar
  10. Garcia Palacios, D., Bautista Martinez, N., & Carapia Ruiz, V.E. (2016a). Morphological and molecular identification of whiteflies (Hemiptera:Aleyrodidae) associated with avocado crop (Lauraceae) in Morelos, Mexico https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/KX925199.1. Accessed 28 December 2018
  11. Garcia Palacios, D., Bautista Martinez, N., & Carapia Ruiz, V.E. (2016b). Morphological and molecular identification of whiteflies (Hemiptera:Aleyrodidae) associated with avocado crop (Lauraceae) in Morelos, Mexico. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/KX925200. Accessed 28 December 2018
  12. Huang, W.R., & Fu, Y.G. (2009). A rapid method of identifying spiraling whitefly (Aleurodicus dispersus). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/EU581837.1. Accessed 28 December 2018
  13. Josephrajkumar, A., Rajan, P., Chandrika Mohan, & Jacob, P. M. (2010). Re-invasion and bio-suppression of spiralling whitefly, Aleurodicus dispersus Russell on coconut in Minicoy Island. Indian Coconut Journal, 53(2), 20–23.Google Scholar
  14. Josephrajkumar, A., Chandrika Mohan, Poorani, J., Merin Babu, Daliyamol, Krishnakumar, V., Vinayaka Hegde, & Chowdappa, P. (2018). Discovery of a sooty mould scavenging beetle, Leiochrinus nilgirianusKaszab (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) on coconut palms infested by the invasive rugose spiralling whitefly, Aleurodicus rugioperculatus Martin (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Phytoparasitica.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12600-017-0635-5.
  15. Kalaitzaki, A. P., Tasgkarakis, A. E., & Ilias, A. (2016). First record of nesting whitefly, Paraleyrodes minei, in Greece. Entomolgia Hellenica, 25, 16–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Malumphy, C., Delaney, M. A., Pye, D., & Quill, J. (2010). Screening sticky traps under low magnification for adult Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) and Aleyrodesspp. (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Aleyrodidae). EPPO Bulletin, 40, 139–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Martin, J. H. (2004). Whiteflies of Belize (Aleyrodidae : Hemiptera). Part I –introduction and account of the subfamily Aleurodicinae Quaintance& Baker. Zootaxa, 681, 1–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Martin, J. H., Mifsud, D., & Rapisarda, C. (2000). The whiteflies (Hemiptera : Aleyrodidae) of the Europe and the Mediterranean Basin. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 90, 407–448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Ming-Xing, L., Chen, Z. T., Yu, W. W., & Du, Y. Z. (2017). The complete mitochondrial genome of a spiraling whitefly, Aleurodicus dispersus Russell (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Mitochondrial DNA Part A, 28(2), 165–166.  https://doi.org/10.3109/19401736.2015.1115492.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Omongo, C. A., Namuddu, A., Okao-Okuja, G., Alicai, T., van Brunschot, S., Ouvrard, D., & Colvin, J. (2018). Occurrence of Bondar's nesting whitefly, Paraleyrodes bondari (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), on cassava in Uganda. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 62, 257–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Ouvrard, D., & Martin, J.H. (2018). The Whitefiles – Taxonomic checklist of the world’s whiteflies (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae).  https://doi.org/10.5519/0095728, http://www.hemiptera-databases.org/whiteflies/ – searched on 13 December 2018.
  22. Peracchi, A. L. (1971). Doisaleirodideospragas de Citrus no Brasil (Homoptera, Aleyrodidae). Arquivos do Museo Nacional, Rio de Janeiro., 54, 145–151.Google Scholar
  23. Sambrook, J., & Russell, D. W. (2001). Molecular cloning. A laboratory manual (3rd ed.). New York: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.Google Scholar
  24. Shanas, S., Job, J., Joseph, T., & Anju Krishnan, G. (2016). First report of the invasive rugose spiraling whitefly, Aleurodicus rugioperculatus Martin (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) from the Old World. Entomon, 41(4), 365–368.Google Scholar
  25. Stocks, I. C (2012) Bondar’s nesting whitefly, Paraleyrodes bondari, a whitefly (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) new to Florida attacking Ficus and other hosts. Pest Alert. FDACS-P-01801. Accessed 19 Dec 2018.Google Scholar
  26. Sundararaj, R., & Pushpa, R. (2011). In B. V. David (Ed.), The whitefly or Mealywing bugs: Bioecology,Host specificity and management (Vol. 2011, pp. 20–57). Germany: Lambert AcademicPublishing.Google Scholar
  27. Sundararaj, R., & Selvaraj, K. (2017). Invasion of rugose spiraling whitefly, Aleurodicus rugioperculatus Martin (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae): A potential threat to coconut in India. Phytoparasitica, 45, 71–74.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12600-017-0567-0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sundararaj, R., Amuthavalli, T., & Vimala, D. (2018). Invasion and establishment of the solanum whitefly, Aleurothrixus trachoides(Back) (Hemiptera : Aleyrodidae) in South India. Current Science, 115(1), 29–31.Google Scholar
  29. Yu, W. W., Yang, W. Y., Du, Y. Z., & Li, W. D. (2013). Sequence and phylogenetic analyses of mtDNA-COI and rDNA-ITSl genes in populations of Aleurodicus dispersus (Hemiptera, Aleyrodidae) in Hainan, southern China. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 11, 1324–1334 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
  30. Zhu, W.J., Fu, Y.G., Ma, G.C., & Niu, L.M. (2016). DNA barcodes distinguish species of Aleyrodidae from Hainan Island. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/hm150635. Accessed 28 December 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Josephrajkumar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chandrika Mohan
    • 1
  • Merin Babu
    • 1
  • Arya Krishna
    • 1
  • V. Krishnakumar
    • 1
  • Vinayaka Hegde
    • 2
  • P. Chowdappa
    • 2
  1. 1.ICAR-CPCRI, Regional StationKayamkulamIndia
  2. 2.ICAR-CPCRIKasaragodIndia

Personalised recommendations