, Volume 47, Issue 2, pp 179–184 | Cite as

Bait attractants based on artificial fruit-essence for trapping and monitoring Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) females in Peshawar-Pakistan

  • Muhammad Shehzad Khan
  • Farman Ullah
  • Hayat Badshah
  • Bashir Ahmad
  • Inayat Ali Shahjehan
  • Paul-André CalatayudEmail author


The spotted-wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), native to Asia was reported for the first time in Pakistan in 2005 from Islamabad. Following the recent detection of D. suzukii in cherry orchards at Kalam (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) a trapping system was developed to monitor it on fruits. The efficacy of three baited trap attractants using apple cider vinegar, yeast sugar solution and synthetic fruits-essence solution (using banana, guava or strawberry as fruit) were tested. Traps were installed at fruit markets at three different locations in Peshawar. The bait based on synthetic fruit-essence solution yielded the highest captures. Among the baits based on synthetic fruit-essence solution, the highest captures were obtained with strawberry essence.


Bait traps Fruit essence Attractant Strawberry Flies capture 



The authors acknowledge the support and help of all those fellows who helped during the research execution and manuscript preparations. Heartiest thanks are given to Fritz Schulthess for reviewing the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Crop Protection SciencesThe University of AgriculturePeshawarPakistan
  2. 2.Agricultural Research Institute (ARI)Tarnab PeshawarPakistan
  3. 3.Department of ZoologyUniversity of PeshawarPeshawarPakistan
  4. 4.IRD, EGCE (Evolution, Génome, Comportement, Ecologie), CNRSUniversity Paris-Sud, IDEEV, Université, Paris-SaclayGif-sur-Yvette CedexFrance
  5. 5.icipeNairobiKenya

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