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Rare Metals

, Volume 38, Issue 10, pp 996–1002 | Cite as

Preparation and electrochemical properties of Sn/C composites

  • Bei-Ping WangEmail author
  • Rui Lv
  • Dong-Sheng Lan
Article
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

The metal tin (Sn), as one potential anode material for lithium-ion batteries, rapidly degrades its cyclic performance due to huge volume expansion/contraction during lithium intercalation/de-intercalation process. Amorphous carbon was adopted as conductive and buffer matrix to form Sn/C composites. The products were prepared by hydrothermal reaction and carbothermal reduction using tin tetrachloride and glucose as raw materials. The composites were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge/discharge measurements. The results show that relative smaller metallic tin particles in 1:8 Sn/C composite are formed and distributed more uniformly in the carbon matrix. The lithium intercalation capacity of Sn/C composites reaches 820.4 mAh·g−1, and the capacity retention over 60 cycles remains 54.1%. 1:8 Sn/C composite exhibits enhanced rate performance and cyclic stability compared to 1:5 and 1:10 samples.

Keywords

Lithium-ion battery Tin/carbon composite Hydrothermal method Electrochemical performance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was financially supported by the Ningxia Natural Science Fund (No. NZ17096), the Ningxia Science Research Project for Colleges (No. NGY2016148) and the Project from Ningxia Key Laboratory of Powder Materials and Special Ceramics (No. 1603).

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Copyright information

© The Nonferrous Metals Society of China and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringNorth Minzu UniversityYinchuanChina
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringSun Yat-Sen UniversityGuangzhouChina

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